For now, I'm going to post the history of the Central American Revolutionary Government I drew up for Aegis' Axis Victory game back on Patton. Whether it's still a reliable source for my AV game is questionable, but I won't object if someone wants to reference it. I'm mostly posting it because I'm tidying up my bookmarks and if I put it here I don't need a bookmark for it any more >_>
The efforts of the peoples of Central America to cast off their shackles and gain freedom began long before the Second Mexican Revolution in 1933. Our struggle dates back to the resistance against U.S. occupation of Nicaragua. From 1927 until 1933, the people of Nicaragua were led by revolutionary hero, Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino, whose example shaped and influenced revolutionary across Latin America, spreading even into Mexico, where his methods and brand of warfare, adopted by Mexican revolutionaries, saw their triumph over the oppressive regime of Abelardo L. Rodriguez.
It was one of Sandino's principle lieutenants who first brought revolution to the people of the constituent states of the CARG. Augustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez, valiant revolutionary and long-suffering Salvadoran, returned from his brief exile, along with Alfonso Luna and Mario Zapata. Unable to withstand the suffering and injustice any longer, Martí led the 1932 Salvadoran Peasant Uprising, also known as La Matanza, The Massacre. 40,000 people were murdered in cold blood by the fascist government of El Salvador, including Martí himself, like Sandino, his place in revolutionary history solidified.
For a long while after, the reactionary and tyrannical governments of dictators maintained an iron grasp over the peoples of Central America. Supported by greedy corporations and their puppet governments in the United States of America, brutal despots maintained long and unjust governments, designed only to enslave the people of Central America whilst lining their own pockets. However, with the continued decline of capitalism in the United States, compounded with the assassination of the American President, the Second Mexican Revolution soon began in 1933, liberating the workers of Mexico completely by 1936. In the aftermath of this victory, desire for freedom began to spread once more throughout Central America, and with the United States government too weak to prop up the despots any longer, cracks began to appear in their façade of strength.
The first blow was struck for Central American communism when in May 1944, massive demonstrations in El Salvador, primarily the non-violent Strike of Fallen Arms, led by students, saw Hernández Martínez deposed as President and fleeing the country. With popular support behind them, the Communist Party of El Salvador formed the new government, with young revolutionary, Salvador Cayetano Carpio, leading the government.
A mere 5 months later, in October 1944, similar protests took place in Guatemala, this time against the government of General Jorge Ubico. Supported by volunteers from Mexico, Colonel Jacobo Árbenz and Major Francisco Javier Arana led a group of soldiers and students in the October Revolution, ousting the weakened regime and firmly establishing a new government. At the end of 1944, elections are held, with philosophy professor Juan José Arévalo winning 53% of the vote. Within several years however, discontent at the lack of reform saw him replaced by Jacobo Árbenz, with the support of the Guatemalan Party of Labour, and the beginning of far more clearly communist reforms.
Following in the wake of the revolutions in El Salvador and Guatemala, also in October of 1944, a group of Honduran exiles from El Salvador, recently liberated, crossed over into Honduras with the support of the Salvadoran Revolutionary Government, as well as Mexican volunteers. Within days of the crossing, military units sent to confront the group defected, joining the revolution, and as protests in the capital began to grow, pressure mounted on the government of Tiburcio Carías Andino. Eventually, led by Ramón Amaya Amador, the Honduran revolutionaries overthrew the Carías regime and established a workers’ republic.
Thus, the Revolutions of 1944 saw three Central American nations freed from the domination of despots, but the firm hand of other dictators saw the spread of revolution no further on the mainland.
For most of the 16 years between the Revolutions and the modern day, the communist states of Central America lived in peace, save for one blot. In 1954, concerned by the growing influence of communism in Latin America, the German Reich, in cooperation with the United States of America, tasked Ausland-SD, Department D with overthrowing the Guatemalan government and re-establishing a fascist one. Carlos Castillo Armas, disgraced former-Colonel, along with 400 fighters, landed on Guatemalan shores, intending to march to Guatemala City and overthrow the Árbenz government. Though their attempt at a coup d’etat failed, the “Liberation Army” fled into the Guatemalan jungles, conducting a protracted guerrilla war. For 4 years, they attempted to incite a popular uprising, but the people of Guatemala were contented and happy for the first time, and resisted. Eventually, after a long war, the rebels were crushed, and stability restored.
In 1960, the happiness of all Central American people soared into ascendancy at the union of the nations of the 1944 Revolutions, creating the Central American Revolutionary Government, the first genuine attempt at a fair and equal union of Central American countries, designed not to exploit but to develop and prosper.