Mount Elgon insurgency
Chadian Civil War
Kivu Conflict (Peace Deal Signed)
Houthi insurgency in Yemen
Conflict in the Niger Delta
Central African Republic Bush War (Ceasfire signed)
War in North-West Pakistan
War in Darfur
First Ivorian Civil War (Negotiated Peace)
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa
Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines
War in Afghanistan
Second Chechen War
Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen
Pool Department insurgency
Nepalese Civil War (Peace Accord)
Second Afar insurgency
Armenian-Azerbaijani border conflict
Ethnic conflict in Nagaland
Somali Civil War
Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
Sri Lanken Civil War
Internal conflict in Peru
Kurdish–Turkish conflict (Negotiated ceasfire)
Insurgency in Laos
Insurgency in Northeast India
South Thailand insurgency
Internal conflict in Myanmar
Civil War in Gindra
Mexican Drug War
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara
2008 invasion of Anjouan
Cambodian–Thai border dispute
Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict
Cluster bomb demonstration footage shown prior to the ban on the weapon in many countries.
Brazil proposes UNSC Resolution 1654 which aims to investigate the cause of the Colombia-Ecuador Conflict and de-escalate the situation before it turns into a regional war. The US views Colombia as the aggressor and recommended sanctions. Japan announced it would vote in favor of only the first three clauses of the Resolution. Russia votes no on the resolution and takes the side of Colombia regarding the strike on the FARC. As it stands Brazil has not announced if it plans on altering the resolution. Currently France, the UK, India, China have yet to voice their opinion on the resolution.
More than 100 countries, including Britain, have approved a ban on cluster bombs. Not joining the agreement in its current form is Russia, China, Israel, India, Pakistan and the United States.
-The International Court of Justice awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries
French soldiers on patrol for rebel forces in Chad.
Zimbabwe's High Court rules against those demanding that results of the presidential election, held more than two weeks ago, be released. Opposition presidential candidate Morgan Tsvangirai claims to have won more than 50 percent of the vote. President Robert Mugabe is looking forward to a runoff election, legally necessary if Tsvangirai has won less than 50 percent. Forces loyal to Mugabe are intimidating voters with beatings and the destruction of homes.
-It is independence day in Zimbabwe. Speaking to his nation, President Mugabe shows the mettle of another of recent history's revolutionists and blames imperialism, the British and traitors for his nation's troubles.
- Port workers in South Africa defy their government's apparent indifference to events in Zimbabwe. The port workers refuse to unload weaponry from a Chinese ship. Church groups in South Africa join the protest, complaining that the weaponry, destined for Zimbabwe, would be used against the Zimbabwe people. Chinese authorities agree to withdraw the shipment.
-Invasion of Anjouan:
April 5, 2008, Bacar was remanded in custody. Comoran President Sambi visited Anjouan in early April, marking his first visit to the island since May 2007. He said that he hoped that separatism in Anjouan would cease with the removal of Bacar from power, and he praised the African leaders who had provided assistance for the invasion. Contrary to previous reports that France was against the invasion, France gave its approval and helped to air-lift the AU troops to the island. French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner stressed on April 8 that France had not supported Bacar or provided him with any protection, and that it had fully supported African Union intervention.
-Eritrea-Dijbouti Boarder conflict:
Eritrea is reported by Djibouti to have set up fortifications and dug trenches on both sides of the Djiboutian border near Ras Doumeira. Djibouti, in a letter to the UN calling for intervention, claimed new maps put out by Eritrea showed Ras Doumeira as Eritrean territory. Eritrea denied it had any problems with Djibouti.
-Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) announce they intend to further expand their involvement in economic development on the African continent. The new Japanese investments through bilateral trade agreements will be spearheaded by Toyota. Nigeria and the Ivory Coast are the main focus of these trade agreements. Both regions welcome the Japanese trade agreements.
Rice production in Uganda has increased as a result of tariffs on imported rice. Rice prices in Uganda have improved, unlike elsewhere in the world. Ugandan importers have moved their investments into Ugandan rice growing.
-Invasion of Anjouan:
Bacar's asylum request was rejected. France's Secretary of State for Overseas, Yves Jégo, said France would support the Comoran government's efforts. "We will continue to act in consultation with the Comoros so that the law can be applied and Col Bacar can be tried. Presidential elections in Anjouan occurred. The election was won by Moussa Toybou, who defeated Mohamed Djaanfari in the second round.
-Central African Republic Bush War:
May 2008 the APRD signed a cease fire and peace agreement with the government in Libreville. The agreement was completed under the auspices of an ad hoc committee of CEMAC led by President Omar Bongo of Gabon. Jean Jacques Demafouth signed on behalf of the APRD and DDR minister Cyriaque Gonda on behalf of the government. A six-person board was established to monitor the implementation of the agreement's terms.
-War in Darfur:
Sudanese government soldiers and Darfur rebels clashed in the city of Omdurman, opposite the capital of Khartoum, over the control of a military headquarters. They also raided a police base from which they stole police vehicles. A Sudanese police spokesperson said that the leader of the assailants, Mohamed Saleh Garbo, and his intelligence chief, Mohamed Nur Al-Deen, were killed in the clash. Witnesses said that heavy gunfire could be heard in the west of Sudan's capital. Sudanese troops backed by tanks, artillery, and helicopter gunships were immediately deployed to Omdurman, and fighting raged for several hours. After seizing the strategic military airbase at Wadi-Sayedna, the Sudanese soldiers eventually defeated the rebels. A JEM force headed to the Al-Ingaz bridge to cross the White Nile into Khartoum. By late afternoon, Sudanese TV claimed that the rebels had been "completely repulsed", while showing live images of burnt vehicles and corpses on the streets. The government imposed a curfew in Khartoum from 5 pm to 6 am, while aid agencies told their workers in the capital to stay indoors. Some 93 soldiers and 13 policemen were killed along with 30 civilians in the attack on Khartoum and Omdurman. Sudanese forces confirmed that they found the bodies of 90 rebels and had spotted dozens more strewn outside the city limits. While Sudanese authorities claimed that up to 400 rebels could have been killed, the rebels stated that they lost 45 fighters dead or wounded. Sudanese authorities also claimed to have destroyed 40 rebel vehicles and captured 17.
- In Kenya, a gang goes from home to home killing ten accused of witchcraft.
Ceasefire and amnesty talks between the government of Uganda and the ADF were held in Nairobi starting in May 2008. Negotiations were complicated by the fragmentation of the ADF's leadership. Non-combatant dependents of the ADF were repatriated to Uganda by the IOM. At least 48 ADF fighters surrendered and were given amnesty. As the threat from the LRA in the DRC waned, the UPDF put increasing focus on the ADF as a reason for UPDF personnel to remain in the DRC
-Somali Civil War:
Some of the more radical elements, including Al-Shabaab, regrouped to continue their insurgency against the TFG and oppose the Ethiopian military's presence in Somalia. Throughout 2007 and 2008, Al-Shabaab scored military victories, seizing control of key towns and ports in both central and southern Somalia.
-Djbouti-Eritrea Conflict: Ethiopia's Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said on May 15 that the row was a "threat to the peace and security of the whole Horn of Africa" and said Ethiopia would secure their trade corridor through Djibouti in the event of a conflict. Ethiopia has relied on Djibouti for access to the Red Sea since Eritrea's independence. Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki denied sending troops into the area and added they do not have any problem with Djibouti.
-June- President Mugabe vows not to surrender his country to his enemies for mere Xs on a ballot. Elections have been scheduled for June 27 and supporters of the opposition party are being beaten and jailed. But the UN still hopes for supervision that will produce a fair election.
-Lords Resistance Army Insurgency:
After the LRA had attacked and killed 23 people in Southern Sudan, including 14 soldiers, a Ugandan military spokesman said Uganda, DR Congo and Sudan would launch a joint offensive against the LRA if its leader, Joseph Kony, failed to commit to the Juba peace talks. Concurrently, the Southern Sudanese Information Minister, Gabriel Changson, declared that "The LRA have started war", and that "Southern Sudan will not be the place where they can wage this war". The same month, diplomats reported that the LRA had acquired new weapons and was forcibly recruiting new soldiers, adding 1,000 recruits to the 600 soldiers it already had. An onslaught against the LRA by Ugandan forces in northern Uganda and across the border in Southern Sudan, led the rebels to relocate to the densely forested Garamba National Park in DR Congo – and when they attacked and killed civilians there, the Congolese government vowed to destroy the LRA
, rebels killed 25 soldiers in an attack on a Kidal base, and in late June the Malian Army killed 20 rebels near the Algerian border, which the army claimed was home to a major rebel base. But just days later, President Amadou Toumani Touré announced that he remained open to negotiations with the Tuareg rebels, while at the same time agreeing to a joint-security deal with Algeria.
According to Djibouti several Eritrean troops deserted their positions fleeing to the Djiboutian side. Djiboutian forces then came under fire from Eritrean forces demanding the return of the deserters. Djibouti called up soldiers and police who had retired since 2004 in response to the fighting. Eritrea dismissed accounts from Djibouti as "anti-Eritrean". A statement from Eritrea's Foreign Ministry said it would not "get involved in an invitation of squabbles and acts of hostility" and claimed Djibouti was trying to drag Eritrea into its "concocted animosity". According to French Colonel Ducret, French soldiers in Djibouti provided logistical and medical assistance to the Djibouti army as well as providing them with intelligence. Clashes between the two forces reportedly continued for several days before Djibouti's military announced on June 13 that fighting had subsided, but on the same day, President Guelleh, was quoted by the BBC as saying that his country was at war with Eritrea.
-France deploys a unit to Mayotte. French naval unit assisting Comoron and AU forces in the region are being permanently based in the naval base under construction on Mayotte as well. The French also ensure Mohamed Bacar is extradited to Comoros where he will face trial.
-Chadian Civil War:
In Chad the French army sends two units on a search and destroy mission in response to rebel activity. Their aim is to root out rebel units from smaller villages. They are accompanied by two French air units that will be responsible for providing close air support. The French army is very successful in their engagements with rebel forces.
An Armenian tank mobilizing to assist ethnic Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Demonstrators have been using violence against the passage of the Olympic flame through Europe and the United States. The subject of the demonstrations has been Tibet. Supporters of China describe Tibet as having been a part of China at least since the early 1700s, a few decades before Xinjiang became a part of China and before there was a United States – and before the US took Indian lands east of the Mississippi. China describes itself as multi-ethnic. Its supporters cite CIA support for the Dalai Lama and meddling in a Tibet separatist movement during the Cold War. They do not see China disintegrating ethnically as did Yugoslavia.
-Lee Myung-bak assumes responsibility as President of South Korea, replacing Roh Chairman MoO-hyun. President Lee Myung-bak is known for taking a harder stance regarding North Korea. He also seems willing to open dialogue with China, Russia and Japan at this time.
-Yusuf Juma, a poet and critic of Uzbekistan's president, Islam Karimov, is sentenced to five years of forced labor.
-In Nepal, a Communist Party described as Maoist has won an overwhelming victory in parliamentary elections. The Maoists promise to deliver Nepal from various traditions: caste, gender discrimination, the dowry system and the monarchy. Their promise not to hamper private enterprise has won them some backing from entrepreneurs.
Armenian-Azerbaijani border conflict:
Recently the heaviest fighting between ethnic Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh since the 1994 ceasefire after the Nagorno-Karabakh War has taken place. Armenian sources accused Azerbaijan of trying to take advantage of ongoing unrest in Armenia. Azerbaijani sources blamed Armenia, claiming that the Armenian government was trying to divert attention from internal tensions in Armenia. It has yet to be seen if the UNGA will put forth a motion demanding the immediate withdrawal of all Armenian forces from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
-South Korea moves to shore up its economy by investing in expanding the Texas Instrument plant in Baguio, Philippines in order to produce a larger output of electronic devices. The RoK also invests further in the expansion of Vietnamese agriculture to enlarge its import ratio, and further develop its food processing industry.
Another exceptionally powerful wind disaster has occurred, this time a cyclone that has hit Burma.
-The government of Burma states that 22,000 have died as a result of the cyclone that struck on May 2. Estimates by other observers are that the dead will rise to more than 100,000. (Hurricane Katrina, which hit New Orleans in 2005, killed 1,836.) The cyclone has damaged much of Burma's rice growing region, putting more pressure on the food supply, and threatens to further decrease government stability.
-China's worst earthquake in 32 years strikes in Sichuan Province (central China). Ten months ago, scientists warned that the region was ripe for a major quake.
- China's People's Daily describes The Wall Street Journal Asia Edition (US), the Globe and Mail (Canada), the Guardian (U.K.) and other foreign news agencies as having lauded earthquake relief efforts in China. China has fully mobilized in response to its earthquake disasters, and, unlike Burma in response to its Cyclone disaster, China encourages efforts from individual citizens. And, in many ways, individuals have volunteered support for quake victims.
-In China, 67,183 are confirmed dead from the earthquake and 20,790 are still missing. Problems with insurance companies regarding damages will not be extensive. China's citizens can buy private insurance, but many look instead to government to fix things.
-In Nepal, the newly-elected parliament declares their country independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular and an inclusive democratic republic. Nepal's 240 year-old monarchy is abolished. A three-day holiday is declared. King Gyanendra is given 15 days to leave his palace.
Sri Lankan Civil War: The Sri Lankan Army advanced rapidly, capturing the town of Adampan on May 9th.
-Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines:
Japanese Special Forces teams continue to assist the Philippine Army as they raid weapon caches of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. A week later the MILF announce that they are prepared to enter talks with the Philippine government.
-June- It has been one month since the cyclone struck Burma, and foreign aid agencies complain that as many as 250,000 cyclone victims have not yet been helped.
-China offers counseling and reverse sterilization by medical teams free to parents who lost their only child in last month's earthquake.
-The unusually heavy rains that have also caused recent flooding in southern China have, according to Reuters News, killed at least 171 persons while 52 are missing.
-China announces that it is raising fuel prices in order to reduce demand and lower consumption. The announcement helps send oil prices on the world market downward $4.75 a barrel to $131. Recently, Taiwan, Malaysia and Indonesia also announced plans to pass higher gasoline prices to its citizens, and India has announced that it will cease diesel subsidies to all commercial establishments.
- North Korea begins expanding its Yongbyon nuclear facility. The expansion causes concern in South Korea and Japan.
-In Wengan county in China's southern province of Guizhou, people demonstrate that they are not intimidated. Believing that the son of an official raped and killed a girl and that a cover-up is taking place, "about 10,000 people" are described as having "totally burned down the county Party office building, and burned other offices in the county government" and also "burned about 20 vehicles police cars, including police cars." (BBC quoating an offical).
Cambodia-Thai boarder dispute: Cambodia closed the border crossing to Preah Vihear in response to Thai protests held at the border crossing. The protests were championed by an anti-Thaksin opposition figure, Sonthi Limthongkul, who claimed the government of Thai Prime Minister Samak Sudaravej had gained business concessions in Cambodia in return for ceding Thai territory to Cambodia when negotiating over the Preah Vihear site map that would be presented to UNESCO in Quebec, Canada
-An online blog in Japan called "Unveil", begins stating that the JDF taking part in the peacekeeping mission in Lebanon are taking casualties for no reason other then on behalf of government self interest. The blog hardly gets noticed by the Japanese general public. Some small Muslim minorities in Japan sympathize with the blog according to a poll.
-The Japanese Navy, Italian Navy, and Indian Navy begin a new carrier program based on French and American designs (Joint Advance to ACC4)
-China introduces a large stimulus package of 350c to develop Chinese Oil, Natural Gas, Silver, Gold, Copper, Iron, and Zinc portions of the economy. New mines are opened as a result, and new oil rigs are beginning construction in the Pacific.
One of Russia's newest 3rd generation reactors being constructed.
Some Russian officials accuse Georgia of planning to invade Abkhazia. Georgia proclaims that any Russian troops in Abkhazia will be considered aggressors.
-Surgeons at London's Moorfields Eye Hospital perform the first civilian operations using bionic eyes, implanting them into two blind patients.
-France reduces its debt by 200c.
-Russia pays off another small amount of its deficit. The country is continually chipping away at its principal debt.
-The Russian Federation also invests money into constructing 3rd generation nuclear reactors for Russia's energy needs. The aim is to increase power output to for the country, with less waste produced. Economists believe the investment could signal a move away from fossil fuels for Russia. Nationwide, Russian infrastructure such as roads and bridges that have long been outdated, are being improved. With continuing work Russia's vast frontiers will become more accessible.
In an English court of law, the People's Mujahedin of Iran (Mujahedin e-Kalq) has won removal from England's list of terrorist organizations. The organization is listed as a terrorist group by the European Union and the United States.
-Russia furthers investments in the mining of precious metals throughout the country. Finding success in Eastern Russia.
-France begins work on a homegrown UCAV program, dubbed NEURON. Developers at Dassault state that advanced stealth strike abilities are a main goal.
-The European Union is "cracking down" on illegal immigration, trying to stop voyages of Africans reaching Europe by boat. Italy's newly elected conservative government has conducted a week-long raid that has rounded up nearly 400 suspected illegal immigrants. Italians are expressing hostility toward Romanians, who can legally migrate where they want within the EU. In Naples, people have set fire to the makeshift homes of Gypsies.
-The Russian Navy completes formation of an additional Naval Unit. Roscosmos also introduces advanced technology regarding unmanned space exploration spacecraft and advanced Space Station construction capabilities (SEC Level 4 Complete). Russia's Space exploration capabilities are now on par with that of the United States.
-For gasoline, Norwegians are paying what amounts to almost 11 US dollars per gallon. Some of this is a gasoline tax. Norwegians have launched an organized protest against Shell Oil and the Norwegian oil company Statoil.
-Jeffrey Stinson writes in USA Today that "Germany's economy is showing gains while the United States' has hit the skids and most of the rest of Europe sputters."
In a close vote, Sweden's parliament approves a plan to scan international calls, faxes and e-mails for the sake of national security. It is described as Europe's most far-reaching eavesdropping plan.
-The European Union officially lifts sanctions on Cuba, a move that has been championed by Spain, which normalized relations with Cuba last year. The sanctions were created in 2003 in response to Cuba's government moving against dissidents.
Falange y Tradición, a new Spanish far-right nationalist group appeared, carrying out dozens of attacks in the Basque Country
-President Medevev has ordered the construction of an additional Zmey class Metal gear, and 2 more Likho class metal gears. The continued open construction of Russian metal gears causes analysts to believe that Russia is in fact, now on track to be the leader in total number of Metal Gear platforms. Rumors of EU nations beginning construction of their own Metal Gears in response have surfaced as well. It would appear the world is now engaged in a full scale arms race.
-France begins building an additional naval unit to meet the needs of France's expanding foreign policy goals. The French army also expands by a unit.
Italian soldiers coming under heavy fire in Zibqin, Lebanon.
Iraq War: Iraqi's Prime Minister Maliki, a Shia, attemps to assert power over Shia militias in the port city of Basra. He declares it a fight to the end. The fighting spreads across southern Iraq and to Baghdad. Maliki has to call on the British and Americans for help. After a few days of warfare his fight ends in an truce with the leader of the Mahdi army, Muqtada al-Sadr. The fighting has killed an estimated 200 or 600 depending on the source.
Armed incidents resumed in April 2008, when seven Yemeni soldiers died in a rebel ambush on 29 April.
-The government of Turkey issues an 18 month timeline for all weapons in possession of the PKK in Turkey, to have been handed over to the Turkish government, specifically in Trabzon. Analysts are skeptical about the number of weapons that will be turned in, despite agreements made. Nonetheless it appears the Turkish government is holding true to its agreement and making sure the transition and changes in the Turkish constitution are passed and implemented.
-The United States withdraws 2 units from Iraq and Afghanistan following with the new plan by General Petraeus to make the US led occupation more efficient, and to hand over more responsibility to the indigenous security forces in each country.
-In Jerusalem a judge has ruled that restaurants and cafes can sell leavened bread during Passover. This outrages orthodox Jews. They believe that religious law should be the law of the state of Israel for everyone, be he religious or not.
-People around the world are rioting because of food prices or availability: in Egypt, Mexico, Haiti, Yemen, Côte d’Ivoire, Morocco, Senegal, Uzbekistan, Guinea, Mauritania. In South Korea there is panic buying. In the Philippines, officials are raiding warehouses looking for unscrupulous traders hoarding rice. The rising price of oil has made food production more expensive. Nations are cutting back on their exports of food in order to have enough for their own people. Egypt's reduction of rice exports is hurting Turkey, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. On April 3, world rice prices rose as much as 30 percent.
-Pakistan's new government introduces a bill that lifts controls on the media imposed by Pervez Musharraf under his state of emergency.
-Al-Qaeda's Ayman al-Zawahiri, a Sunni from Egypt now in hiding in Pakistan, denounces Iran for describing Israel as behind the 2001 9/11 attacks in the United States. Zawahiri complains that Iran (under Shia rule) is trying to deprive al-Qaeda credit for the attacks.
Pakistanis are complaining of no electricity for long periods of time. They are complaining about their utility bills and about food prices that have affected their eating habits. There is concern that the judges whom Musharraf dismissed have not yet been restored. There is widespread disappointment with the new government. One Pakistani who was interviewed said that life is becoming unlivable. People are talking about emigrating.
-In Lebanon UNIFIL troops from Italy come under heavy fire after receiving intel about a weapons cache in Zibqin. Upon entry Italian forces came under RPG, and heavy machine gun fire. It is believed professional mercenaries were engaged in the fight along side Hezbollah, based on the logistic prowess displayed by the attacking forces. Japanese Special forces deployed to Majdal Zun also came up against heavily armed Hezbollah forces, but managed to drive them south rather quickly.
-War in North West Pakistan:
The Government of Pakistan signed a peace agreement with the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). Despite the agreement sporadic fighting continued .
Worshipers were killed and 55 wounded in a bombing at the Bin Salman Mosque in Sa'dah as crowds of people left Friday prayers. The government blamed the rebels for the bombing, but the Houthis denied responsibility. Shortly after the attack, three soldiers and four rebels died in overnight skirmishes.
-Iraq War: the Iraqi Army, with Coalition air support, launched an offensive, dubbed "Charge of the Knights", in Basra to secure the area from militias. This was the first major operation where the Iraqi Army did not have direct combat support from conventional coalition ground troops. The offensive was opposed by the Mahdi Army, one of the militias, which controlled much of the region. Fighting quickly spread to other parts of Iraq: including Sadr City, Al Kut, Al Hillah and others. During the fighting Iraqi forces met stiff resistance from militiamen in Basra to the point that the Iraqi military offensive slowed to a crawl, with the high attrition rates finally forcing the Sadrists to the negotiating table. Following talks with Brig. Gen. Qassem Suleimani, commander of the Qods brigades of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, and the intercession of the Iranian government, al‑Sadr ordered his followers to ceasefire. The militiamen kept their weapons. Basra "residents overwhelmingly reported a substantial improvement in their everyday lives" according to The New York Times. "Government forces have now taken over Islamic militants' headquarters and halted the death squads and 'vice enforcers' who attacked women, Christians, musicians, alcohol sellers and anyone suspected of collaborating with Westerners", according to the report; however, when asked how long it would take for lawlessness to resume if the Iraqi army left, one resident replied, "one day".
-Iraq War: In May, the Iraqi army – backed by coalition support – launched an offensive in Mosul, the last major Iraqi stronghold of al-Qaeda. Despite detaining thousands of individuals, the offensive failed to lead to major long-term security improvements in Mosul. At the end of the year, the city remained a major flash point.
- In Lebanon, rifle and grenade fire has broken out between opponents and supporters of the Western and Saudi backed government. Opponents are largely Hezbollah supporters. Driving the opponents are protests against rising fuel and food prices. The armed rising followed the pro-Western Siniora government deciding to strip Hezbollah of its private underground telecommunications system, which was crucial to Hezbollah during the war with Israel.
- Talks in Qatar result in Lebanon's Hezbollah (Party of God) having veto power in a new Lebanese cabinet of national unity. The use of arms or violence will be forbidden in settling political differences. In the US the Johnson administration considers Hezbollah a terrorist organization, but Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice approves of the talks, saying, "We view this agreement as a positive step toward resolving the current crisis."
-In Lebanon, General Michel Suleiman wins a virtually uncontested election for president, agreed to in Qatar last week as part of resolving Lebanon's recent crisis. Jim Muir reports for the BBC that "Never before has an election here produced such an eruption of jubilation among the people, across the spectrum of sect and politics."
Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, responds to the accusation of Iran building a nuclear bomb. He says "No wise nation would be interested in making a nuclear weapon today. They are against rational thought."
-War in Afghanistan:
The British prime minister announced the number of British troops serving in Afghanistan would increase to 8,030 – a rise of 230. The same month, the UK lost its 100th serviceman. , Taliban fighters demonstrated their ongoing strength, liberating all prisoners in Kandahar jail. The operation freed 1200 prisoners, 400 of whom were Taliban, causing a major embarrassment for NATO.
-King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, a Sunni, is holding a three-day conference in Mecca. He speaks of the tolerant nature of Islam. Attending the conference, and sitting next to the king, is the former president of Iran, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, a Shia, who asks that Muslims emphasize what they have in common.
-Iraq's Prime Minister Maliki meets President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, who pledges to help Iraq's security. Maliki is quoted as saying, "Iraq is looking forward to Iranian companies taking part in developing its infrastructure."
-Hamas admits that it lied in blaming deaths in Gaza on an Israeli air strike. It admits that the massive explosion was an accident by militants preparing to attack Israel.
- At the oil summit held in Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah speaks of his willingness to pump more oil, but he joins his oil minister in asserting that supply is not the problem. The king has seen the price of oil rise despite his move to put more oil on the market. He again blames soaring oil prices on speculators. He criticizes high fuel taxes and speaks of increased consumption by developing economies. And he speaks against blaming OPEC.
-The United States delivers further military equipment to the Iraqi security forces to help bolster the army while the US 'surge' continues to wind down.
-Palestinian militants fire at least two rockets from the Gaza Strip into Israel, violating the truce that began six days ago agreed to by Israel and Hamas.
-Saudi Arabia's Interior Ministry announces that in the last six months security forces have arrest 701 persons suspected of plotting to carry out terrorist attacks on oil facilities and other vital installations. According to the Arab News, the minister described among the arrested Saudis and foreigners who "were trying to regroup and strengthen the Al-Qaeda terror network in Saudi Arabia." The minister said among those arrested "181 have been released as there was no evidence to prove their connection with terrorist groups.”
-Australia commits 1 Naval unit and 1 Air Unit to UNIFIL forces in Lebanon, in an effort to help stabilize the region and root out Hezbollah fighters. The government also withdraws one land unit from Iraq and sends it to Southern Afghanistan along with one additional land unit. Southern Afghanistan is proving to be a problem area within the country. Helmand province already has a reputation for being the most lawless province in the country, giving coalition troops their fair share of action with the Taliban.
-Australian SASR have found more evidence of an Iranian connection to Hezbollah after raiding the Hezbollah controlled village of Remeich. Computer documents recovered from the raid contain an inventory of weapons bought from Iranian & Syrian contacts in Bastra, along the Syrian boarder.
-Reports from Iran state that the Iranian Space Program has been placed in jeopardy. A worm has found its way into computers at the Iranian Space Agency. Analysts foresee a set back on future advancement due to the worm deleting key engineering files.
-China sends 100c worth of aid to Iraq, reminding the Iraqi government that China is commited to being Iraq's friend and economic partner.
-The Pakistani Army started another offensive against militia fighters in Kyhber, codenamed Sirat-e-Mustaqeem (lit. Righteous Path). The military took control of a key town and demolished an insurgent group's building. In this offense, one militant was reportedly killed while two soldiers died in Swat valley.
North America & Caribbean
A Raven Sword contractor stands guard on a street in a Tijuana, Mexico.
Mexico's state owned oil company, Pemex, is losing money. It is running out of oil and would benefit from deeper drilling. Foreign drillers have the technology and expertise to do this, but Mexico's Constitution forbids Pemex from joint ventures with private and foreign companies. Mexico is in political fervor with leftists opposed to foreign exploitation.
-Mexican Drug War:
General Sergio Aponte, the man in charge of the anti-drug campaign in the state of Baja California, made a number of allegations of corruption against the police forces in the region. Among his allegations, Aponte stated that he believed Baja California's anti-kidnapping squad was actually a kidnapping team working in conjunction with organized crime, and that bribed police units were being used as bodyguards for drug traffickers. These accusations sent shock waves through state government. Many of the more than 50 accused officials quit or fled. The progress against drug cartels in Mexico has been hindered by bribery, intimidation, and corruption. On April 26, 2008, a major battle took place between members of the Tijuana and Sinaloa cartels in the city of Tijuana, Baja California, that left 17 people dead. Legitimate Mexican government officials contract Raven Sword PMC explaining it has no ties to localities in Mexico so that members cannot be intimidated, or easily bribed by the Cartels. Their plan is to insert Raven Sword contractors alongside trusted police units into cities that are cartel strongholds.
An article in the May issue of Vanity Fair reports: "Monsanto already dominates America’s food chain with its genetically modified seeds. Now it has targeted milk production. Just as frightening as the corporation’s tactics --ruthless legal battles against small farmers – is its decades-long history of toxic contamination.
-In Cuba, a law against owning a home computer has been lifted. In recent weeks, thousands of Cubans have been spending their savings on other previously banned goods, such as mobile telephones and DVD players.
-In describing troublesome trends that distinguish the 21st century from the 20th, General Michael V. Hayden, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, puts exploding populations at the top of his list.
-Lizabeth Diaz reports that businesses in the border town of Tijuana, Mexico, are collapsing, that business people daily are facing "threats of extortion," that investments in industry are being scared away and that downtown Tijuana is virtually deserted. Rival gangs are warring for control of the city.
- The US lands a spacecraft on Mars, its scientific instruments intact.
-Mexico's conservative government announces its plan to give poorer citizens 120 pesos ($11.55) a month to help them cope with rising food prices. Mexico also gives free public transportation to the poor. One-third of Mexico's population is said to be below the "poverty-line."
George Soros, the billionaire investor who seems to know markets, tells the US Senate Commerce Committee that oil prices "have a strong foundation in reality" (supply and demand). He also says he believes that the doubling in the price of oil over the last year is due partly to investment institutions, such as pension funds, pumping money into indexes that track the cost of crude. He worries about an oil price bubble.
- In California, developers are unable to satisfy state law requiring long-term water supplies. And water shortages are impacting farming, which will contribute to rising food prices. California's governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, proclaims a statewide drought and orders immediate action.
-Cuba announces its plan for wage differentiation, overturning what has been in place in Cuba since 1959. It is hoped that it will improve production and services.
-Regarding the heavy rains and worst flooding in a decade in the Midwest, the New Orleans and Dutch examples of preparedness and infrastructure again appear. Erik Loehr, professor of civil engineering at the University of Missouri, says, "... for the most part we know how to design levees to withstand the floods. It's a matter of getting the financing to be able to support that construction ..."
-American cyber defense and offense technology has reached a new cutting edge, offering a nearly impenetrable defense to outside hackers according to US Military analysts. (Advance to CC level 4 complete).
The view from one of Australia's newest carriers.
- The Australian Navy orders the construction of two additional Naval units, Which puts Australia on track to have a larger Navy then that of the UK and France. Not to be outdone by the Navy, the Australian Army expands by 4 units. Some analysts question Australia's need for such a military overhaul, others point to actions by North Korea and China as the leading cause for such expansion.
The Australian Navy completes its updated Carrier program, based on US designs (ACC L2 complete). The RAN also completes an updated Heli Carrier Program (AAS L2 complete) in a continuing wave of advancement and expansion for the RAN.
Malaysian authorities estimate there are 130,000 illegal immigrants in the province of Sabah – on the island of Borneo. Many of them are Filipino or Indonesian. The Malaysian government announces that it will begin deportations, including those illegals who have lived in Sabah since the 1970s.
A member of Ecuador's secret service returning fire at the motorcade attackers.
In Paraguay, a former bishop, Fernando Lugo, has won the presidency, ending 61 years of conservative Colorado Party rule. Many Paraguayans are ecstatic.
-President Hugo Chavez urges Colombia's rebels, FARC, to end their four-decade struggle. "The guerrilla war is history," he said. "At this moment in Latin America, an armed guerrilla movement is out of place."
-A meeting between Hugo Chavez and President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil takes place in Rio. President da Silva worked toward a negotiation with President Chavez in order to have Venezuelan troops pull out of Colombia. After promises of investment by Brazil, Chavez agrees to withdraw his troops, but wishes a meeting take place so that reparations to his ally, Ecuador, can be made. Pressure from Mercosur is also thought to have played a part.
-Latin Americans respond with anger to a new European Union law designed to discourage more illegal immigration. Illegal immigrants could be imprisoned for 18 months before being deported. Hugo Chavez, Rafael Correa, Evo Morales and the retired Fidel Castro are among the upset.
-The Union of South American Nations, an intergovernmental organization between states in South America, falters due the conflict between Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
Colombian-Ecuador Conflict: Colombian magazine, Revista Semana, published an interview with Colombian defense minister Juan Manuel Santos in which Santos mentions the death of Manuel Marulanda Vélez. The news was confirmed by FARC-commander 'Timochenko' on Venezuelan based television station Telesur on May 25, 2008. 'Timochenko' announced the new commander in chief is 'Alfonso Cano'. a dozen jailed paramilitary leaders were extradited to the United States on drug-related charges
-Along the Colombia-Brazil boarder the Brazilian government has begun erecting additional checkpoints along road ways. It has been acknowledged that creation of these checkpoints is in relation to events in Colombia, and fears that the conflict will open up new opportunity for drug cartels.
-Government subsidies are unveiled in Brazil to buy up farm interior lands and re-distribute them to landless farmers. The subsidies are a starting point for a rumored agriculture reform within Brazil.
After agreeing to a Chinese suggested conference regarding the Colombia-Ecuador conflict, Colombia receives aid from China. The government of Ecuador also receives aid from China for the same reason. China calls for a ceasefire, and reminds all sides the UNSC will not tolerate further escalation of the conflict. China further states that the conflict needs to be investigated, and offers some of their own investigators to discover what exactly happened along the Colombian-Ecuador boarder. Colombia responded by pulling back its troops towards positions within its own boarder.
Petrobras (Brazil's National Oil Company) has started investigating the Pre-Salt region off the coast of Brazil. The company plans to begin construction of Oil rigs in the most oil rich areas surveyed. The project is a lucrative one for outside investors if the amount of oil is able to outweigh the large investments necessary to extract it.
-The President of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, and Vice President Lenín Moreno have been assassinated in a horrific terrorist attack. Their motorcade was hit as it traveled through Ecuador's capital, Quito. Witnesses describe the attack as professional, and very quick. Eye witness statements say that the lead car was hit by some sort of IED. The presidents car fell victim to a described electro-magnetic blast, from a large gun wielded by a dark skinned woman with blond hair. José Cevallos, President of the National Congress is now acting president. Military officials accuse Jose Cevallos of being corrupt, and possibly on Colombia's payroll. The military of Ecuador blames Colombia for the assassination, alleging the Colombian government hired mercenaries to carry out the assassination. Foreign analysts are concerned that the military of Ecuador may try and instigate a coup against the Cevallos government.