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Huojin
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World News

Post by Huojin » 14:36:34 Friday, 14 October, 2016

EARLY 1715

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Europe
*Cast into suspicion for his part in secret armistice negotiations with France leading to the Treaty of Utrecht and the end of the War of Spanish Succession, Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, flees Great Britain for France. Falling in with the Stuart Pretenders, he comes secretary of state to James Edward Stuart, would-be king.
*For this act of treason, Bolingbroke is impeached by Parliament.
*A Jacobite mob sacks two chapels in the north of England.
*Ulrika Eleonora, Princess of Sweden and sister to the present King, marries Frederick, heir to the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. The marriage begins to engender questions of relating to the line of succession, as Charles XII remains childless, with his nephew Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, the presently assumed heir.
*However more pressing issues than succession face Sweden at present, with the Great Northern War continuing to rage. The Danish Navy scores a victory against their Swedish counterparts in the Fehmarn Belt, while Russian forces continue to occupy the Swedish Baltic territories and much of the Finnish coast. Meanwhile the city of Stralsund remains under close siege, and in yet more dire news, King George I of Great Britain, in his capacity as Elector of Hanover, has signed an alliance with the Kingdom of Prussia directed against Sweden. Although Prussia remains neutral for the time being, many being to speculate it may soon enter the war.
*With war declared by the Ottomans in late December against Venice, the Turks launch a rapid assault against the underprepared Venetians. Undermanned, unable to defend their many fortifications, and isolated from the local Greek populace, the Venetian forces in Morea find themselves quickly assailed by a vast Ottoman army. Acrocorinth surrenders quickly (though its quick collapse is marred by the massacre or enslavement of most of the garrison and civilian populace), leaving the way into the Peloponnese open. They advance towards the centre of Venetian power in Morea, the city of Nafplion.
*Prompting a great stirring throughout France and indeed all of Europe, a Persian embassy arrives in Paris at the court of Louis XIV. Accompanied by a grand entourage and bearing splendid gifts, Mohammed Reza Beg begins conducting negotiations relating to trade and friendship between the Safavid Empire and France.

The Americas
*After fighting since 1711, the Tuscarora natives and their allies admit their defeat in the face of the colonial forces of the Carolinas colonies. Many of their allies move inland, away from the increasingly heavily settled coasts, whilst the Tuscarora themselves primarily move north to the Province of New York, settling amongst the Iroquois.
*Having relied heavily on native allies to form the bulk of the armies used to defeat the Tuscarora, new exposure and ties are built between the British colonists and many of their native neighbours. However this both for good and for ill, as competition between settlers and natives over vital resources like deer and slaves bring them increasingly into conflict.
*Fighting flares up anew as the Yamasee peoples, the closest and most powerful allies of the British in the Carolinas (and also the most exposed to the vagaries of the colonists) turn against them - joined by most tribes in the region, including almost all of those who had allied with the British against the Tuscarora.
*New France re-establishes its presence on the Straits of Mackinac, building Fort Michilimackinac.
*With fighting in North America as part of Queen Anne’s War well and truly concluded, the British build a new fort, Fort George, in Brunswick, Maine. Near the boundary of disputed land between France and Britain, it proves more than a little provocative.

Asia
*The Mughal-Sikh Wars continue to rage, as the Mughals lay siege to the small fortress of Gurdas Nangal.
SpoilerShow
Kingdom of Great Britain
King: George I (scorpion)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 8/8 [-40 maintenance]
Reserves: 18
Fleets: 12/12 [-60 maintenance]
Economy: +150
Debt: 700
Income: +210 [+5 Kingdom of Ireland, +20 Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, +15 North American Furs, +10 North American Agriculture, +10 Caribbean Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +50 Trade, -10 Gold Coast Forts, -35 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Yamasee War, Nonconformist Unrest in New York, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest
=
Yamasee and allies
Units: 2
===
Kingdom of Ireland (Personal Union)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Stability: 2
Units: 2/2 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Catholic Unrest, Protestant Ascendancy, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest
===
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Personal Union)
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Stability: 4
Units: 2/4 [-10, 2 in Swedish Pomerania, -20 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
British East India Company
Autonomy: High
Profitability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 2
==
Hudson’s Bay Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 0

Kingdom of France
King: Louis XIV (Serenissima)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 24/24 [-120 maintenance]
Reserves: 54
Fleets: 10/10 [-50 maintenance]
Economy: +290
Debt: 800
Income: +175 [+20 French Shore Fishing, +20 North American Furs, +20 Caribbean Sugar, +5 Indian Trade Posts, +35 Trade, -5 Ivory Coast Forts, -40 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Camisard Unrest, Fox War
=
Fox Peoples
Units: 1
==
French East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat Low
Profitability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 2

Kingdom of Spain
King: Philip V (Master of Oblivion)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 10/10 [-50 maintenance]
Reserves: 14
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Economy: +80
Debt: 1000
Income: +140 [+20 New Spain Mining, +15 New Grenada Mining, +30 Peruvian Mining, +20 New Spain Dyes, +10 Philippine Trade, +15 Caribbean Sugar, +60 Trade, -50 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Kingdom of Portugal
King: John V
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 6/6 [-30 maintenance]
Reserves: 16
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +75
Debt: 200
Income: +100 [+15 Brazilian Mining, +10 Brazilian Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +40 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Grand Pensioner: Anthonie Heinsius (bomie)
Government: Confederative Republic (Very Low State Authority, High Nobility, Moderate Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 10
Fleets: 8/8 [-40 maintenance]
Economy: +100
Debt: 1000
Income: +100 [+5 Amsterdam Stock Market, +10 Cape Route, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +25 East Indian Spices, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +55 Trade, -50 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions
==
Dutch East India Company
Autonomy: Very High
Profitability: 4
Units: 5
Fleets: 6
==
Dutch West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 2

Habsburg Monarchy
Emperor: Charles VI (Luc)
Government: Composite Feudal Monarchy (High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 18/18 [-90 maintenance]
Reserves: 30
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance]
Economy: +105
Debt: 600
Income: +190 [+5 Adriatic Trade, +10 Neapolitan Taxation, +5 Sardinian Taxation, +10 Netherlands Taxation, +5 Danube Tariffs, +35 Trade, +10 HRE Taxation, -30 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Austrian Tensions

Kingdom of Prussia
King: Frederick William I (Smyg)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 8/8 [-40 maintenance]
Reserves: 10
Fleets: 0
Economy: +150
Debt: 400
Income: +105 [+20 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -20 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Personal Union with Saxony)
King/Grand Duke: Augustus II (Maddox)
Government: Elective Monarchy (Somewhat Low Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 10/14 [-20, 4 in Swedish Pomerania, -70 maintenance]
Reserves: 8
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +120
Debt: 300
Income: +70 [+35 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War, Restless Nobles
===
Electorate of Saxony (Personal Union with Poland-Lithuania)
Prince-Elector: Augustus II
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 2/4 [-10, 2 in Swedish Pomerania, -20 maintenance]
Reserves: 4
Fleets: 0
Economy: +90
Debt: 200
Income: +65 [+15 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War

Kingdom of Sweden
King: Charles XII (Gesar)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 6/16 [-50, 6 in Swedish Pomerania, 4 in Swedish Finland, -80 maintenance]
Reserves: 12
Fleets: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Economy: +140
Debt: 200
Income: +35 [+10 Swedish Furs, +10 Baltic Trade, +35 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
Holstein-Gottorp (minor German ally)
Units: 4 in Swedish Pomerania

Tsardom of Russia
Tsar: Peter I (Cephal)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 10/26 [-80, 4 in Swedish Pomerania, 6 in Swedish Baltic, 6 in Swedish Finland, -130 maintenance]
Reserves: 18
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +180
Debt: 0
Income: +15 [+15 Russian Furs, +40 Trade]
Conflicts: Great Northern War

Sublime Ottoman State
Sultan: Ahmed III (Flamelord)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 10/18 [-40, 8 in Morea, -90 maintenance]
Reserves: 30
Fleets: 6/6 [-30 maintenance]
Economy: +180
Debt: 300
Income: +110 [+10 Black Sea Trade, +15 Turkish Straits Control, +20 Imperial Tribute, +5 Minority Taxation, +5 Barbary Tribute, +50 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Ottoman-Austrian Tensions, Ottoman-Venetian War

Kingdom of Denmark (Personal Union with Norway)
King: Frederick IV (DutchGuy)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity:
Units: 2/4 [-10, 2 in Swedish Pomerania, -20 maintenance]
Reserves: 4
Fleets: 1/1 [-5 maintenance]
Economy: +70
Debt: 500
Income: +60 [+50 Kingdom of Norway, +15 Sound Dues, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +30 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -25 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
===
Kingdom of Norway (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Stability: 5
Units: 1/3 [-10, 1 in Swedish Pomerania, 1 in Holstein-Gottorp, -15 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
Danish East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
==
Danish West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1

Duchy of Savoy
Duke: Victor Amadeus II (TRC)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +60
Debt: 300
Income: +70 [+40 Kingdom of Sicily, +25 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None
===
Kingdom of Sicily (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Stability: 2
Units: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance]
Conflicts: None
SpoilerShow
=Europe=

Electorate of Bavaria
Government: Principality
Stability: 4
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Republic of Genoa
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 4
Units: 4
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Venice
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 4
Units: 14, 4 in Morea
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: Ottoman-Venetian War

Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Government: Duchy
Stability: 5
Units: 8
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Lucca
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 5
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

States of the Church (incl. Comtat Venaissin)
Government: Theocracy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Government: Duchy
Stability: 4
Units: 1
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Parma
Government: Duchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Wallachia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Moldavia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

=Asia=

Yaruba Imamate
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 5
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Safavid Dynasty
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 20
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Hotaki Dynasty Rebellion
=
Hotaki Dynasty
Units: 10

Malla Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability:
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Mughal Empire
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 50
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflct, Mughal-Sikh Wars
=
Sikh Rebellion
Units: 8

Maratha Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 30
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Kingdom of Mysore
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Madurai Nayak Kingdom (Mughal Tributary)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Chitradurga Nayaka Kingdom (Mughal Tributary, Maratha Ally)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kandy
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions

Keladi Nayaka Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bundelkhand Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Khoshut Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Dzungar Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Qing Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 120
Fleets: 25
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Tokugawa Shogunate
Government: Feudal Stratocracy
Stability: 5
Units: 20
Fleets: 5
Conflicts: Sakoku

Great Joseon State
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Ryukyu Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Japan-China Dual Tributary Relations

Dai Viet
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Internal Divisions

Kingdom of Champasak
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Vientiane
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Khmer Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Ayutthaya Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 12
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Toungoo Dynasty (Burma)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bruneian Empire
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 7
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Sultanate of Sulu
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 9
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Tensions with Spanish Philippines

=Africa=

Alaouite Dynasty (Morocco)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kongo
Government: Tribal Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None[/quote]

Huojin
Administrator
Administrator
Posts: 3239
Joined: 07:30:29 Thursday, 02 August, 2012

Re: World News

Post by Huojin » 15:18:26 Sunday, 23 October, 2016

LATE 1715

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SpoilerShow
Europe

*After reigning 72 years, Louis XIV, the Sun King, succumbs to gangrene and dies. He is succeeded by his five year old great-grandson, Louis, Duke of Anjou, who takes the regnal name Louis XV. The late king is revealed to have enacted several reforms, designed to establish a regency council and place control in the hands of his illegitimate son, Duke Louis Auguste of Maine, with a number of prominent nobles at his side. However, disgruntled at having the promised-regency removed from him, Duke Philip II of Orléans, nephew to the late King, acts to have the will and codicils annulled by the Parlement of Paris. A brief power struggle ensues, at which point it appears that the Duke of Anjou will emerge triumphant, but in taking charge of the person of the young King, the Duke of Orléans secures his position, forcing his opponents to concede.

*Having long been defeated, the Camisards finally agree a peace with the French Crown, ending their brief yet bloody war.

*Under its new leadership, France begins expanding its military, first by investing in artillery foundries, iron mines, and gunpowder production, followed by the recruitment of 6 new units to the Royal Army’s reserve. Finally, they lay down 2 new squadrons of warships, which appear to be medium-sized, two-decker third rates. Rumour has it they are intended for service in the East once completed.

*Speculation is raised that the new alignment of the Austrian court with the Tsars of Russia may be behind the increased military action, particularly as the French make a great show of drilling and parading their troops across the country.

*Unwilling to rely on their allies or the Maritime Powers for naval services any longer, the new Spanish King engages in a huge shipbuilding programme, laying down 5 new squadrons to rebuild Spanish naval power and military prestige.

*Spain also reforms its economy, paying off a substantial part of its debts and instituting a new (yet unpopular with elites) tax reform, abolishing tax farming in Spain in favour of direct collection by the state. More regular and rigid, its unpopularity is notable in spite of its efficiency.

*Having received significant inducement from the Hapsburgs, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin declares his intentions to remain neutral in the Great Northern War - despite earlier negotiations with the Russian Tsar relating to a marriage.

*However Mecklenburg-Schwerin may soon fear for its continued neutrality, as the Prussian Army raises 2 units from its reserves at Perleberg, not far from the border between Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Though stated to be preparing to deploy to Pomerania, concerns are raised nonetheless.

*The tide of the Great Northern War, which had seemed so swiftly set against the Swedish Crown, begins to slow - as with the signing of the Treaty of Lund and the Peace of Gdansk, they agree peace with the Kingdom of Prussia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Further, Hanoverian troops are withdrawn from the conflict, though no peace is signed - its Prince-Elector, having in 1714 gained the Crown of Britain, apparently giving up his attempt to gain access to the sea. The move prompts unrest from Hanoverian nobles, who feel the new King has deserted his German domains, but little else.

*The King of Poland is less lucky, as the powerful Sejm challenges the Peace of Gdansk. With no agreement on its ratification, they break - and with those factions already concerned at Augustus II’s attempts to strengthen royal power now aligning with those in favour of continuing the war against Sweden, the Tarnogród Confederation is formed - taking advantage of the right held in Poland to legitimately form what amount to armed rebellions in pursuit of political aims. Recent attempts by Augustus to roll back his attempts to strengthen his position mollify some elements, as do his reforms to the Liberum Veto, limiting its use to presently-argued laws, not any law from a given session - however their support remains significant. Marshalled behind Stanisław Ledóchowski, they are supported by parts of the Commonwealth’s army, and hold sway primarily in Lesser Poland and Lithuania. Hostilities remain sparse for the present, but threaten to break out into civil war.

*Polish and Saxon forces withdraw from Swedish Pomerania in light of their peace agreement, followed swiftly by Russian forces, who are permitted to pass through Poland unmolested, and Danish forces.

*The balance of the war is soon altered drastically as Prussia leads an army of 4 units into Swedish Pomerania under King Frederick William I himself, intending to relieve the Swedish king from his fortress at Straslund. However both Swedish and Prussian forces are surprised to find the great army besieging Straslund to have melted away. Casting about for enemies, a joint Swedish-Prussian force marches into Wismar, then Holstein-Gottorp, liberating those territories from occupation. They then pursue withdrawing Danish forces back into Holstein and southern Denmark. Speculation that the Danes are making for the Danevirke is rife.

*Free from the siege, 1 Swedish unit is demobilised in Pomerania.

*Concerns are soon raised that this Prussian involvement in the war will activated the Austro-Russian Treaty of Prague, threatening a wider conflict in Central Europe. The treaty proves most unpopular in Austria at the prospect of being drawn into another major war alongside the “Tartars”, although equal numbers argue in favour of the balance of peace won after the last war. Nevertheless, within the Holy Roman Empire itself, tensions continue to rise between Protestant and Catholic states in particular, with some of the former informally aligning with Sweden whilst others favour the Hapsburgs.

*The Great Northern War continues to rage in the north as well, with the Danes hurriedly constructing defensive fort lines in Norway and the Swedes advancing to meet them. Slowed considerably by the defensive forts (both old and new) along the Norwegian border region, 3 Swedish units fight a bloody assault, seizing Fredriksten, the Glomma River, and investing the fortress at Akerhus, having forced Norwegian forces to concede the town of Christiana. They lose 1 unit in the fighting, but maintain a close siege nonetheless.

*In all occupied areas, the Swedes proclaim themselves liberators from unpopular Danish tax regimes, and hang any tax collectors they can find. They also place some Norwegian resistance leaders in positions of power, hoping to win support from the locals.

*The fighting goes better at sea, when the Russian and Dano-Norwegian Navies chance upon 3 units of the Swedish Navy near the Aland Islands. Pursuing the outnumbered Swedes, they launch a fearsome attack, sinking 2 units to 3 of their own - 1 Russian and 2 Norwegian. However with this victory, the remaining Swedish fleet is forced to flee, leaving the eastern Baltic almost entirely under Russo-Danish control.

*To compensate for their losses, 5 new fleets are laid down by the Norwegian navy.

*The western Baltic is another story, however, with pirates and privateers based out of Marstrand operating in fearsome numbers to harass Russian shipping, serving to cut it off in part from outside trade.

*Finnish partisans continue to harass and threaten Russian positions, hoping to goad them into advancing as the Swedes withdraw along the Gulf of Bothnia towards the town of Oulu. They prepare for an attack, but no assault comes - for the Russians having opted to prepare defensive lines from Finland to Ingria and down into the Swedish Baltic, which their troops remain firmly fortified in.

*15 units are raised to the Russian reserves.

*Minor raids originating from within the Crimean Khanate strike in the Russian south - with much of the destruction, however minor, being attributed to the Nogai and other restive groups in the south.

*The Austrian Navy awakens from its centuries-long inactivity at the urging of the Emperor, who announces substantial investment into the thriving port of Trieste in order to transform it into the new home of the navy. Port facilities, dry-docks, and various other accoutrements are built designed primarily for the construction of warships. And that is precisely the use to which they are put, when the Emperor lays plans for a staggering 7 fleets to be built. Lacking a strong naval tradition, the delay on construction is considerable, yet work begins in earnest.

*In order to protect their new investments, Trieste also receives funds for the construction of new coastal defences and fortifications to guard the harbour, set to be complete sometime sooner than the fleet it is supposed to protect.

*The Hapsburgs also announce changes to their military, enacting reforms to their code of conduct and distributing cheap copies to all soldiers, as well as initiating training exercises for everything from shooting to reading to reciting the entire Hapsburg line - a daunting prospect for anyone. Although frequently tedious, the changes begin to make headway.

*The decrepit walls and ramparts of Berlin Fortress are repaired by the King-in-Prussia, largely restoring them to their former, if incomplete, glory.

*Poland-Lithuania makes investments into their grain production and textiles industry, the latter focusing primarily on exports, reaping moderate benefits across the board. They also reduce their national debt, and engage in military expansion, recruiting 2 units to their reserves and laying down designs for 1 new fleet.

*Relatedly, Saxony engages in similar policies, investing in timber, reducing their deficit, and raising 1 unit for their reserves. Clearly Augustus II remains of a single track mind, whether King or Elector.

*Gazing heavenward, Polish astronomers cast across the night sky in search of new discoveries. One night, they chance upon what they perceive to be a comet in the beyond, and name in Piast, in honour of Poland’s first (semi-legendary) king.

*In Sweden, the President of the Privy Council, Arvid Horn, aligns with the Baron of Schiltz to force the Queen Regent to call the Riksdag. She agrees, but warns anti-royalist sentiment will not be tolerated. Taking advantage of this, the Baron of Schiltz begins a slow debasing of the Swedish currency in order to provide additional funds for the war while the economy is under great strain. In the process however, he indebts himself to the nobles and the wealthy, strengthening their hand in government.

*Meanwhile, in the face of losing its Finnish territories, the Swedish Crown begins to attempt to alter perceptions of Finland, encouraging their being viewed as an equal half of the Empire. With the King taking on once more the old title of “King of Sweden, the Finns, the Goths, and the Vends”, the change is welcomed in Finland - particularly as fears of Russian brutality grow.

*Unrest ensues in parts of Russian society, as the militarily-weakened but still vocal Boyars voice their concern at the abandonment of Russian tradition. They call for a restoration of the Duma and some aspect of their traditional positions. Similarly tensions appear to be rising amongst the Cossacks of the suppressed Hetmanate, as well as a growing (yet still small) faction at court in favour of ending the war. However for the time being the forcefulness of the Tsar’s desire wins out.

*All is not well in Britain, as the King orders troops turned out to disperse Jacobite mobs, taking a number of prisoners and trying them swiftly for treason before putting them to death. With the support of Whigs in Parliament, the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act is signed into law, as well as a law granting tenants their landlord’s land if he aligned with the Jacobites. Some efforts are also made to endear the populous to their new king, but they largely fall on deaf ears.

*In spite of these attempts, the anti-Hanoverian sentiment is not suppressed, and sailing to Scotland, the Earl of Mar raises the standard of “James VIII and III” as King. He leads an assortment of Highland chiefs and supporters of the Stuart claimant in an army that sweeps over much of Scotland, claiming the entirety north of the Firth of Forth. Further, a smaller rising in England also ensues, inflicting a number of losses on Government forces throughout the Autumn. However they lose the Battle of Preston and surrender. By the Pretender arrives in Scotland as the year closes out, Scotland is closely held, but Jacobite presence in England remains firmly suppressed.

*With the Venetians distracted and weakened by their fighting in Morea, the Pasha of Bosnia moves against Venetian possessions in Dalmatia - though whether with sanction from Constantinople or not is unclear. Though repulsed at the Siege of Sinj, the attack elicits concerns throughout the Christian world, particularly in Rome and Vienna. Calls are made for Austria to intervene against the Ottoman threat, though they remain quiet for the time being.

*Elsewhere, 3 Ottoman units lay siege to the island of Corfu, cutting it off from all support and making preparations to seize the island.

*Concerned Christians - many of them French, though suspicions are more closely cast on the Church, in particular the Papal presence in Avignon, than on France herself - arrive in Venice, intending to assist them against the Ottoman Empire’s attacks. Grateful for the support, the Venetians embark them on ships bound for Morea. However they - and other reinforcements - are soon repulsed by 4 units of the Ottoman Navy, which sinks 1 Venetian fleet near Corfu and forces the remainder to return to Venice. The Ottoman advance in Morea continues unabated, successfully capturing the fortress of Nafplion and soon after, the remaining Venetian fortresses - which surrender in exchange for safe departure.

*The Ottoman Navy announces 2 new fleets are under construction.

*Extensive investments are made into the Ottoman road network, attempting to restore it to its former glories. Although some funds are wasted, there are successes in restoring the Caravanserai stations along the network, which also aids to strengthen central authority by providing for centrally-organised defence of the network.

*Repairs to forts and other defences are completed in the Kingdom of Sicily - directed in part against fears of Ottoman attack, but more prominently against Hapsburg threats from Naples in light of their lack of recognition of the Treaty of Utrecht and remaining tensions over the loss of Sicily from Hapsburgs hands.

The Americas

*Endorsed and supported by the British government, the Hudson’s Bay Company lays claim to the watershed of all rivers and streams flowing into the bay - an as-yet undefined area, whose boundaries are uncertain, yet sure to be vast and far ranging.

*Fur trapping expands in Hudson’s Bay, with factories and trading outposts cropping up across the claimed territory. Conflicts for goods traded with the natives of the region are reported between French and British trappers, but for the time being they remain largely non-violent.

*In their own North American colonies, the French also expand their presence, having agreed in conferences with their natives allies in Montreal for the expansion of trade posts and military outposts throughout their land. With ties being strengthened all the while, French settlers continue to play an important role in the Fox War, with French allied tribes harassing the Fox tribe and capturing large numbers of captives in their raids and skirmishes to be sold or traded.

*Settlement in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Virginia Colony both increase as well, with both becoming more populated.

*The Yamasee peoples and their allied tribes launch attacks against settler towns in Carolina, being repulsed repeatedly by colonial militia. Although losses are largely even, they prove important victories for the morale of the colonists - particularly as news emerges that British traders throughout the southeast have come under attack, with the majority being killed.

*Catawba and Cherokee warriors in the north have much greater success against the British, successfully ambushing their troops and destroying a number of forts and plantations. Charles Town is saved from assault when the Cherokee depart to protect their own lands under attack, and the Catawba are routed in open battle by the militia soon after. As the summer draws to a close, the Catawba switch sides, opting to help the British - along with some Cherokee bands living farther from the conflict region, eager for advantage over their brethren.

*Guns and arms are soon provided to the Catawba and allied Cherokee bands, who engage with the Yamasee in the interior in a fight for supremacy.

*The conflict takes on an intriguing turn as the British Crown deploys two units to the small colony - much to the dismay and anger of the Lords Proprietor, the rulers and owners of the colony - who lodge protests with the King about this interference in their affairs. Concerns are also raised by French settlers in Louisiana and in Spanish Florida about the sudden influx of military activity. Nevertheless, the line troops proceed to march through the Carolina backcountry in pursuit of the evasive native tribes. A number of small yet indecisive engagements are fought, with the British claiming victory in each one.

*Departing safely from Cuba, 10 ships of a Spanish treasure fleet begin to make their way back to Europe to enrich the royal coffers. However calamity soon strikes, and in a terrible storm off the coast of Florida, 9 of the 10 sink, taking with them not only deep holds filled with gold and silver, but more than 1000 sailors.

*The sugar industry tightens its grip over the Bahamas, ramping up output through the use of ever more intensive farming practices.

*Having previously failed to establish settlements in the Guianas twice in the 1600s, a British explorer lands once more in the region. Making a number of excursions along rivers and into the forests, he attempts to claim the region for Britain. However upon returning home to announce his claim, he is embarrassed to discover his map significantly overlaps Dutch territories in South America, eliciting a complaint from the Dutch government that sees the claim scrapped.

*Encouraged by Madrid, the Viceroyalty of Peru signals to Buenos Aires that expansion further into Patagonia can commence. The Spanish colonial forces begin a small expansion - however administrative issues and lack of willing settlers stemming in part from distance from Lima and restrictions placed on trade hamper progress.

Asia

*The Tsardom of Russia extends its claims over the furthest reaches of the Russian Far East and Siberia, dispatching explorers to increase their knowledge of the area. A new radical step is then undertaken - establishing a military governate over the region to rule the territory with great autonomy, being answerable only to the Tsar. Supported by a newly chartered company to operate within the governate and develop its territory, the new governate is swelled by troops granted to it by the Tsar as both settlers and defenders, and by newly freed serfs to settle the undeveloped east.

*Having negotiated extensively with the French, Mohammed Reza Beg returns home to Persia, announcing the establishment of a permanent Persian consulate to be in Marseilles, as well as a French consulate in Bandar Abbas. Further, he is accompanied by a similar grand embassy to the Persian Emperor, showcasing France and its glories and culture. The embassy is graciously received, with the Emperor gifting the French with several maps of the Indian Ocean region in return for their splendid gifts.

*An attempt to expand the French embassy into a trading post is frustrated by British and Dutch efforts - the operators of their presently existing trading posts in the port suggesting that perhaps greater consideration is needed before opening the port to a permanent French position.

*However France does launch some investments into the Persian economy - much needed in light of its internal divisions and weakness - which further endear the Safavids to them.

*Mirwais Hotak, the Emir of Afghanistan and founder of the Hotak dynasty, dies. Having repeatedly defeated Persian armies attempting to pacify the region, his rule had seen much of the east of the Safavid Empire become in essence independent. He is succeeded by his brother, Abdul Aziz.

*The fortress of Guards Nangal finally falls, with Sikh leader Bandas Singh Bahadur hauled to Delhi - along with nearly 800 Sikh prisoners and the remains of thousands more killed in the fighting and aftermath, as a warning to the populace. With this final defeat, the Sikh rebellion finally ends - though what will be done with its leader remains to be seen.

*French embassies to Mysore and Keladi are assisted by the French East India Company, and reap new friendships in both locations. However with a tense history between the two kingdoms that has seen many battles and much bloodshed, both remain wary of allying with the French, and seek to sway them to abandon one of them for the other.

*The FEIC also receives an influx in investment from the French Crown, as well as authorisation to expand its powers within its charter. The company utilises these new funds to bolster its investments and expand its operations slightly - however many of the company’s shareholders wince at the prospect of such high indebtedness to the Crown.

*The newly-chartered Polish East India Company joins myriad others in the Indian Ocean, pursuing deals and trades with the countless rulers petty and great of the region. Granted significant powers, the one central restriction imposed is that the King of Poland ratify any treaty made by the PEIC. Operating primarily in the Bay of Bengal, they secure a small fort/trading post at Machilipatnam from which they begin operations.

*Making their way towards the far east, Polish explorers chance upon an isolated island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean, known apparently to some of its local populous as “Tinmaittivu”. Intrigued by the islands, they map their expanse and return home.

*A French exploratory mission to New Holland concludes much the same as a number of other explorers had done - that the land is striking and intriguing, but that its arid soil and lack of water make it unsuitable for settlement. They return with new charts in any case, expanding upon those purchasable from the Dutch.

*Arriving in the southern port of Nagasaki, a ship full of Jesuits attempts admission into Japan. They are repulsed quickly and panickedly by a volley of cannon fire from shore batteries, and shortly afterwards by smaller boats placing themselves in their path and waving them off.

Africa

*Ottoman explorers venture south down the mighty Nile River, spreading goodwill amongst the myriad small states and kingdoms of the Sudan and the Horn of Africa.

*Arriving in the Dark Continent on a ship christened Nordlöwin, a team of Prussian explorers makes for the Kingdom of Warri in the Niger Delta. Paying homage to the King there, and bestowing gifts, they secure the right to dock at his shores, as well as the promise of translators and guides in their searches… for rumour has it they seek the near-mythical city of Timbuktu.

*The Prussians also go to work in Groß Friedrichsburg, sending aid to the garrison there to strengthen their hold on the region - however unprofitable it may be for the time being.

*A rare Polish expedition finds its way along the West African coast, having departed from ports on the Adriatic. They take note of several interesting locations along the Pepper and Slave Coasts and return home - a journey of considerable length.

*Expanding from Île Bourbon, French settlers land on a nearby island recently abandoned by Dutch settlers and name it Ile de France, establishing Port Louis as its new capital. With the sanction of the French Crown, the new island falls under the control of the French East India Company.

*Departing from Europe, two French expeditions make their way south to the Cape of Storms, eager to explore its untamed waters. Bound for the rivers of the eastern Cape, one of the vessels reportedly meets with fearsome weather, becoming shipwrecked on the shores. However by a stroke of luck, the crew is recovered by the Dutch East India Company, who maintain them at their Cape colony. Meanwhile the other expedition makes landfall safely, exploring in-land along an uncharted river, naming it Buffalo River, and encountering the Xhosa locals.

*Buoyed by news of these discoveries, the French Crown endorses the establishment of two small settlements along the Cape - one at a bay identified on Portuguese maps as “Algoa Bay”, to be named Port-Apollon, and one at the mouth of the new river, named Paris-Sud. Despite also encountering poor weather, the better-charted Paris-Sud colony shows far greater success than Port-Apollon - although both are quickly set up, with the latter quickly receiving a small complement of French troops to defend it. Although this elicits concerns from some corners about the safety of trans-Cape trade, the Dutch East India Company show the greatest concern at the move.

*Not yet finished in southern Africa, the French claim the entire island of Madagascar as their sphere of influence, excluding and warning off other European powers from interference - much to the disgruntlement of pirates and other brigands utilising the island as a base of operations. They proceed to throw their support behind the young king in Ambohimanga against his fellow warring kings. If further support and arms is forthcoming, the young king says he will agree to accept French protection and advice - within reason, of course.
SpoilerShow
Kingdom of Great Britain
King: George I (scorpion)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 5/8 [-15, 2 in South Carolina, 1 in Britain, -40 maintenance]
Reserves: 18
Fleets: 12/12 [-60 maintenance]
Economy: +150
Debt: 700
Income: +215 [+5 Kingdom of Ireland, +20 Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, +20 North American Furs, +10 North American Agriculture, +15 Caribbean Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +50 Trade, -10 Gold Coast Forts, -35 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Yamasee War, Nonconformist Unrest in New York, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest, Jacobite Rebellion
=
Yamasee and allies
Units: 1
===
Kingdom of Ireland (Personal Union)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 2/2 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Catholic Unrest, Protestant Ascendancy, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest
===
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Personal Union)
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Great Northern War, Unhappy Nobles
==
British East India Company
Autonomy: High
Profitability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 2
==
Hudson’s Bay Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 0

Kingdom of France
King: Louis XV
Regent: Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Serenissima)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 23/24 [-5, 1 in southern Africa, -120 maintenance]
Reserves: 60
Fleets: 10/10 [-50 maintenance] — 2 under construction (E1716)
Defences: Haudenosaunee Trading Forts
Economy: +290
Debt: 800
Income: +175 [+20 French Shore Fishing, +20 North American Furs, +20 Caribbean Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +35 Trade, -5 Ivory Coast Forts, -40 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Fox War
=
Fox Peoples
Units: 1
==
French East India Company
Autonomy: Low
Profitability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 2

Kingdom of Spain
King: Philip V (Master of Oblivion)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 10/10 [-50 maintenance]
Reserves: 14
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance] — 5 under construction (4 E1716, 1 L1716)
Economy: +80
Debt: 700
Income: +155 [+20 New Spain Mining, +15 New Grenada Mining, +30 Peruvian Mining, +20 New Spain Dyes, +10 Philippine Trade, +15 Caribbean Sugar, +60 Trade, -35 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Kingdom of Portugal
King: John V
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 6/6 [-30 maintenance]
Reserves: 16
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +75
Debt: 200
Income: +100 [+15 Brazilian Mining, +10 Brazilian Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +40 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Grand Pensioner: Anthonie Heinsius (bomie)
Government: Confederative Republic (Very Low State Authority, High Nobility, Moderate Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 10
Fleets: 8/8 [-40 maintenance]
Economy: +100
Debt: 1000
Income: +100 [+5 Amsterdam Stock Market, +10 Cape Route, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +25 East Indian Spices, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +55 Trade, -50 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions
==
Dutch East India Company
Autonomy: Very High
Profitability: 4
Units: 5
Fleets: 6
==
Dutch West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 2

Habsburg Monarchy
Emperor: Charles VI (Luc)
Government: Composite Feudal Monarchy (High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 18/18 [-90 maintenance]
Reserves: 30
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance] — 7 under construction (2 L1716, 2 E1717, 2 L1717, 1 E1718)
Defences: Trieste Harbour Defences (L1716)
Economy: +120
Debt: 600
Income: +205 [+5 Adriatic Trade, +10 Neapolitan Taxation, +5 Sardinian Taxation, +10 Netherlands Taxation, +5 Danube Tariffs, +35 Trade, +10 HRE Taxation, -30 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Austrian Tensions

Kingdom of Prussia
King: Frederick William I (Smyg)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 6/10 [-20, 4 in southern Denmark, -50 maintenance]
Reserves: 8
Fleets: 0
Defences: Berlin Fortress
Economy: +150
Debt: 400
Income: +75 [+20 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -20 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Personal Union with Saxony)
King/Grand Duke: Augustus II (Maddox)
Government: Elective Monarchy (Somewhat Low Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 9/14 [-0, 5 aligned with Tarnogród Confederation, -70 maintenance]
Reserves: 10
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance] — 1 under construction (L1716)
Economy: +130
Debt: 200
Income: +100 [+35 Trade, -5 Indian Forts, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Rebellious Confederation
=
Tarnogród Confederation
Units: 5
==
Polish East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 1
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
===
Electorate of Saxony (Personal Union with Poland-Lithuania)
Prince-Elector: Augustus II
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 4
Fleets: 0
Economy: +95
Debt: 100
Income: +85 [+15 Trade, -5 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War

Kingdom of Sweden
King: Charles XII (Gesar)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 3/14 [-55, 5 in Swedish Pomerania, 4 in Swedish Finland, 2 in Christiana, -70 maintenance]
Reserves: 13
Fleets: 1/2 [-5, in near Aland Islands, -10 maintenance]
Defences: Oulu Defences
Economy: +140
Debt: 200
Income: +50 [+10 Swedish Furs, +10 Baltic Trade, +40 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
Holstein-Gottorp (minor German ally)
Units: 4 in Holstein-Gottorp

Tsardom of Russia
Tsar: Peter I (Cephal)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 14/26 [-60, 6 in Swedish Baltic, 6 in Swedish Finland, -130 maintenance]
Reserves: 23
Fleets: 0/1 [-5, 1 near Aland Islands, -5 maintenance]
Defences: Finland Artillery Forts, Ingria Artillery Forts, Baltic Artillery Forts
Economy: +170
Debt: 10
Income: -15 [+15 Russian Furs, +25 Far East Governate, +40 Trade, -10 Privateer Raiding, -5 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War, Restive Nobles, Nogai Raids
=
Finnish Partisans
Units: 2
===
Russian Far East Governate
Government: Military/Company Rule (Very High Crown Authority, Very High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 10/10 [-50 maintenance]
Reserves: 0
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Underdevelopment
==
Russian Far East Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 1
Units: 0
Fleets: 0

Sublime Ottoman State
Sultan: Ahmed III (Flamelord)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 7/18 [-55, 8 in Morea, 3 in Corfu, -90 maintenance]
Reserves: 30
Fleets: 2/6 [-20, 4 near Corfu, -30 maintenance] — 2 under construction, E1716
Economy: +190
Debt: 300
Income: +85 [+10 Black Sea Trade, +15 Turkish Straits Control, +20 Imperial Tribute, +5 Minority Taxation, +5 Barbary Tribute, +50 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Ottoman-Austrian Tensions, Ottoman-Venetian War

Kingdom of Denmark (Personal Union with Norway)
King: Frederick IV (Andre Massena)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 2/4 [-10, 2 in southern Denmark, -20 maintenance]
Reserves: 4
Fleets: 0/1 [-5, 1 near Aland Islands, -5 maintenance]
Economy: +70
Debt: 500
Income: +55 [+50 Kingdom of Norway, +15 Sound Dues, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +30 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -25 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
===
Kingdom of Norway (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 1/3 [-10, 2 in southern Denmark, -15 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0/2 [-10, 2 near Aland Islands, -10 maintenance] — 5 under construction, (2 E1716, 3 L1716)
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
Danish East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
==
Danish West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1

Duchy of Savoy
Duke: Victor Amadeus II (TRC)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +60
Debt: 300
Income: +70 [+40 Kingdom of Sicily, +25 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None
===
Kingdom of Sicily (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance]
Defences: Sicilian Forts
Conflicts: None

Mughal Empire
Emperor: Farrukhsiyar (Red John)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat Low Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 30/30 [-150 maintenance]
Reserves: 20
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Economy: +210
Debt: 2000
Income: +70 [+15 Chitradurga Tribute, +15 Madurai Tribute, +25 Trade, -80 Decentralisation, -100 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict, Decentralisation, Strong Vassals

Maratha Empire
Chhatrapati: Shahu (Snacks)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Moderate Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 15/15 [-75 maintenance]
Reserves: 15
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Economy: +165
Debt: 300
Income: +90 [+30 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict
SpoilerShow
=Europe=

Electorate of Bavaria
Government: Principality
Stability: 4
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Republic of Genoa
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 4
Units: 4
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Venice
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 4
Units: 13, 1 in Corfu
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Ottoman-Venetian War

Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Government: Duchy
Stability: 5
Units: 8
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Lucca
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 5
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

States of the Church (incl. Comtat Venaissin)
Government: Theocracy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Government: Duchy
Stability: 4
Units: 1
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Parma
Government: Duchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Wallachia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Moldavia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

=Asia=

Yaruba Imamate
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 5
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Safavid Dynasty
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 20
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Hotaki Dynasty Rebellion
=
Hotaki Dynasty
Units: 10

Malla Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability:
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Mysore
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Madurai Nayak Kingdom (Mughal Tributary)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Chitradurga Nayaka Kingdom (Mughal Tributary, Maratha Ally)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kandy
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions

Keladi Nayaka Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bundelkhand Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Khoshut Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Dzungar Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Qing Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 120
Fleets: 25
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Tokugawa Shogunate
Government: Feudal Stratocracy
Stability: 5
Units: 20
Fleets: 5
Conflicts: Sakoku

Great Joseon State
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Ryukyu Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Japan-China Dual Tributary Relations

Dai Viet
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Internal Divisions

Kingdom of Champasak
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Vientiane
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Khmer Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Ayutthaya Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 12
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Toungoo Dynasty (Burma)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bruneian Empire
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 7
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Sultanate of Sulu
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 9
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Tensions with Spanish Philippines

=Africa=

Alaouite Dynasty (Morocco)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kongo
Government: Tribal Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None[/quote]

Huojin
Administrator
Administrator
Posts: 3239
Joined: 07:30:29 Thursday, 02 August, 2012

Re: World News

Post by Huojin » 02:56:39 Tuesday, 06 December, 2016

EARLY 1716

Image
SpoilerShow
Europe

*Scottish economist, notable of Paris and schmoozer extraordinairé, John Law, establishes a new organisation in Paris - the Banque Générale. Intrigued by the idea, the Duke of Orleans names Law the Controller General of Finances, and grants a charter to Mississippi Company - a new body under the bank to take on all of the monopolies associated with the Louisiana territories.

*The Duke of Orleans begins to articulate his vision for France and his role - as a regent for the young King, a diplomat, and a strong hand to protect French interests without desiring further war. It all goes down a treat.

*The Holy Roman Emperor calls a council in Prague to discuss the Great Northern war. All the nations of the Empire are invited, and though most attend, some of the Protestant nations eschew the council or send only a token envoy.

*Nevertheless, the Emperor announces the Hapsburg Empire's intentions to intervene in Prussia in response to their entry into the war, and calls for full military and political support. Those Protestant nations that had committed to the council before now nearly entirely disavow it, and refuse to be involved in the war. Meanwhile other Catholic states announce their support - though what form it will take remains to be seen.

*7 units of the Austrian reserve are mobilised, with the 18 standing units formed into a vast army. Placed under the command of renowned general, Prince Eugene of Savoy, the army assembles in Prague where a vast military parade is held, concluding with a ceremony blessing the army at Prague Cathedral. They march north at a fairly leisurely pace, holding great parades and manoeuvres in the cities and towns they pass through - all the while increasing the sense of impending destruction should they arrive at their destination. Mercifully for northern Germany, the army halts, establishing a defensive line in Bohemia and Silesia, awaiting their next move.

*The Prussian court is astir, with some bolder factions calling on the King to make peace before the Emperor’s army falls upon their backs. Meanwhile others raise concerns at the “Catholic” nature of the endeavour, and claim that as Protestants they ought not to submit to such bullish and oppressive behaviour. Concerns of a second Thirty Year War are quickly hushed to prevent a panic.

*A number of neighbouring Protestant princes, dukes and lords attend on the Prussian court in celebration of Easter. A sizeable Swedish delegation is also noted to be in attendance. The Prussian King’s notable “Potsdam Giants” conduct a parade to mark the occasion.

*Victor Amadeus II, King of Sicily and Duke of Savoy, recruits 3 units to the reserve in Savoy.

*A naval frenzy begins, as France puts to sea her 2 completed squadrons, and Spain’s grand naval rebuilding project begins swimmingly with the launch of 4 new fleets. This is added two when the Ottoman Empire successfully launches 2 new fleets of its own, and in the Baltic, Norway floats 2 sorely needed two fleets.

*The Spanish add to this, laying down 2 new fleets, as do the Swedish. The British go further still, announcing a mammoth programme of 8 new fleets, astounding much of Europe.

*Efforts in the Dutch Republic are made to discuss the future of Willem Karel Hendrik Friso, son of Johan Willem Friso, claimant to the title of Prince of Orange. Concerns are raised however by the envoys of Prussia, whose King Frederick William also lays claim to the title of Prince of Orange.

*With the stadtholdership vacant, the Grand Pensionary of Holland Anthonie Heinsius gathers some power to his hands, expanding once more his influence over the Estates-General of the Netherlands (though not quite reaching the heights of his power at the time of William III’s reign).

*As the civil war in Poland continues, its only fighting being brief skirmishes and stand-offs, delegations from the two sides meet in Krakow to address the grievances held by the Tarnogrod Confederation - primarily focusing around the domineering nature of the King, his attempts to install absolutist rule, the frequent presence of Saxon troops within Poland-Lithuania, the Commonwealth’s withdrawal from the Great Northern War, and so on. The discussions are frank, until it is announced by those supporting the King that evidence has been earthed that one “Willem Mons”, a man of dubious reputation and Russian connection, has been bribing and forging in order to divide the Sejm and prepare Poland for a Russian invasion. Various documents are evidenced, with the Confederates denying them all fervently - before storming out of the discussions in anger.

*Poland-Lithuania recruits 5 units to its reserves, perhaps preparing for conflict escalating with the Confederation. Meanwhile Saxony recruits 2 units to its reserves, and mobilises 1 more.

*Investments are made in Poland in new foundries, producing lighter cannons and rifled firearms with modest gains for the state.

*A substantial effort is made by the Ottoman Sultan to modernise the forts defending the Bosphorus Straits. Significant investments are made, with the fortifications looking to become formidable indeed. The Empire also begins massive renovations of the Imperial Arsenal in order to revamp their shipbuilding techniques.

*The Siege of Corfu is maintained, but the Venetian defenders continue to hold out against attempts to starve them out of their defences. The situation is far grimmer for defenders in Bosnia, when 4 units used to capture Morea are re-dedicated to the assault there, rapidly capturing territory and laying siege once more to the town of Sinj.

*With the situation bleak for Venice, the Ottomans offer terms: requiring the surrender of the Morea, Corfu, Dalmatia, and all outposts on Crete, Aegina, Tinos, and the Ionian Islands. Just when Venice seems to be relenting, France steps into the conflict to assist in negotiations; urging fair terms, including guaranteed rights for the Venetians to trade in surrendered territories, respect for religious freedoms, and protection for the property. France also offers to act as a guarantor of the treaty. Leaping at this opportunity, Venice says they will agree on these terms, provided the Ottomans only maintain the Morea.

*In some circles, the interference prompts anger, the end of the war having previously been viewed as being close at hand. The anger grows into outrage for many when it emerges that France has offered Venice an alliance if they will accept the terms, with many viewing such an agreement as directed at the Ottoman Empire.

*Swedish explorers sail to the long-abandoned Greenlandic coast, mapping its extent and claiming its land and people for Sweden. The claim is, of course, disputed by Denmark-Norway, but with more important matters to concern themselves with they take no action for now. A second exploratory mission bound for the south Atlantic is lost, however, with no word from its captain or ships.

*Princess Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden announces the foundation of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, with great Protestant thinkers invited to give talks and lectures. The move further lends credence to the growing though of Sweden as a leading Christian nation of northern Europe.

*Swedish Pomerania abolishes serfdom in violation of the laws of the Holy Roman Empire - eliciting concern from neighbouring states and the Emperor even as efforts are made internally to placate the nobles. Swedish incitement of Holy Roman anger doesn’t end there, when they announce that in light of the Austro-Russian alliance, the Swedish court no longer endorses the Pragmatic Sanction, raising concerns that other Protestant states will soon follow in their disavowal.

*Restrictions on religious and economic freedom are further loosened at the Marstrand Free Port, with some French Camisards and other outcasts of Europe taking advantage of invitations to settle at the port in small numbers.

*Peter I of Russia enacts a number of reforms designed to strengthen the Russian economy for the wartime stress - including a new poll tax and government monopolies in strategic industries.

*Cossacks of the former Zaphorizian Host continue to agitate for their rights, leading the Tsar to invite many leaders to discuss issues. A number of them accept offers from the Tsar, entailing wealth and social privilege, as well as the incorporation of re-formed newly loyal Cossack regiments into the military, and new rights relating to their cultural traditions. However for most leaders and hosts it is not enough, and rumours of a full scale rebellion remain widespread.

*Within Russia, the Boyars continue to agitate for the restoration of their rights and privileges. They come increasingly into conflict with the German-Russians of the German Quarter of Moscow, who support the Tsar’s modernising vision. Concerns are raised that the Tsar is aligning with foreigners and their interests, lending credence to agitators amongst the Boyars. The situation is worsened when the Tsar announces the disbandment of the Streltsy, with all troops being incorporated as regulars - shattering the Boyar's remaining military influence. A small revolt soon follows, gathering elements of the former military elite. Apparently anticipating such a move, the Tsar launches a pre-emptive crackdown, with dragoons utilising the same brutality exhibited in earlier revolts to crackdown on those in rebellion.

*Cowed by the show of force, many boyars choose to abide by the new order. However not all are so willing, and a small revolt rises up in the Russian Baltic territories, calling for freedom for those arrested and restorative justice for all boyars.

*In light of the revolt, the Tsar abolished the Boyar Duma, replacing its role with that of the existing Governing Senate. The Table of Ranks is decreed, reorganising the Russian nobility to the detriment of the remaining Boyars and replacing the Orthodox Patriarchy with the Most Holy Synod. The Tsar’s popularity takes a serious dip, but stabilises shortly after.

*Russian attempts to reform the military with the increase in the use of artillery face difficulties in supplies and armaments, delaying implementation seriously. They do however successfully lay down 3 new fleets to rebuild the Russian Baltic presence.

*In response to Nogai raids from Crimea, 1 Russian unit is deployed, strengthening their border against incursions.

*The Dano-Norwegian Crown announces that it has heard the concerns of the Norwegian people and their grievances will be addressed - but that the Swedes will rape and pillage the country in their invasion. Significant fear and anger is stirred up, with growing lack of cooperation by Norwegians with the Swedish invaders.

*Sweden mobilises 5 units, while deploying 1 standing unit into Norway to supplement the assault there. Renewing the siege on Akerhus and having now had time to bring up heavy siege guns for use against the fortress, it finally falls to the Swedish assault, the Norwegians losing 1 unit. The remaining Norwegian forces withdraw from the contested area, instead erecting wooden artillery forts ahead of the Swedish advance in an attempt to prevent further advances. One unit is committed to the defence of the forts.

*2 Swedish fleets arrive off Zeeland, and proceed to impose a blockade on the heavily populated island. Although much blockade running is done, the presence Swedish vessels prevents the collection of the Sound Dues, harming the Danish treasury.

*Smugglers and pirates apprehended in the eastern Baltic Sea by the Russian Navy, their holds laden with lightweight muskets bearing the marks of the Prussian royal armoury - though quite where the vessels were bound remains a mystery.

*Denmark-Norway announces a total levying of all its available forces, heavily burdening the treasury. They also announce the recruitment of 3 units each to the reserves of the constituent nations, replenishing them.

*A total of 8 units of the Danish Army and 2 units of the Norwegian Army assemble in southern Denmark - 4 units from the south fighting a delaying action whilst 6 advance from the north to the Danevirke, an ancient fortification line. The Danes busy themselves rebuilding and reactivating the line, adding hastily to it to bolster its use. Some miles behind the Danevirke, a line of wooden artillery forts is also quickly assembled.

*The Danes are also bolstered by 4 units of Russian volunteers, newly arrived on ships from the east. They busy themselves primarily as manual labourers, but lend their vast numbers to the manning of the defences also.

*4 Prussian units and 1 Holstein unit march westwards, avoiding the border with Denmark. Reaching the North Sea, they are greeted by an astounding sight - the British Royal Navy. In a stunning move, the British allow the German troops to board their ships and transport them into Danish waters, making a landing at the town of Husum.

*Facing little resistance, they march northwards to relieve pressure on the frontally-attacking Holstein and Swedish troops near the Danevirke. With 2 Holstein units fighting directly against the defences, 5 Swedish units cross the River Treene further to the west and round the western edge of the Danevirke. Encountering heavy resistance from the numerically superior Danish and Russian troops, the Swedes and Holsteiners lose 1 unit apiece across the days of fighting before the Prussian army arrives from further to the west still, equalling the balance of forces and forcing the Dano-Norwegian forces to abandon the Danevirke and withdraw further north. They manage to reach the protection of the new fort line further north, but leave much of southern Schleswig in Prussian and Swedish hands - although the Prussians also suffer the loss of 1 unit and the Russian volunteers are halved in number, taking the brunt of casualties in the retreat.

*On the Finnish front there is greater quiet, as both sides await the other’s attacks. Coming under no assaults other than those of the Finnish partisans, whose supply lines seem as strong as ever, the Russian Army deploys an additional 6 units to strike back against the partisans. They inflict some losses on rebels by harassing and encircling their formations, but fail to force a decisive confrontation. Instead their advance brings them closer and close to the city of Oulu, driving the Finns with them. At the city, they encounter the entrenched Swedish positions, and come under intense assault from the floating batteries constructed by the Swedes on the river. The fighting is brutal, with the Russians losing 1 unit in the attack. However their greater numbers prove decisive in the end, and in order to preserve their advantages the Swedes fall back to the northern half of the town. The Russians rest in southern Oulu, too drained from the fighting and unwilling to advance in such a condition with the added threat of Finnish partisan attacks.

*Accusations are levelled at King George I that in utilising the British Royal Navy in pursuit of a European war that only Hanover was involved in, Britain is being used to aid the growth of the separately governed German domains of the King. He faces serious rebuke from parts of the Whig Party, and even worse from many Tories. Although the Stanhope-Sunderland ministry remains alongside the King, a number of Whigs and Tories vociferously protest, and anti-Hanoverian sentiment spikes.

*With George I increasingly unpopular and royalist sentiment on the rise, two revolts break out in Oxford and Bristol, cities known for their Jacobite tendencies - raising the spectre of rebellion in England once more.

*Meanwhile further north, 2 units of the British Army continue their press northwards into Jacobite-held Scotland. Facing 2 Jacobite units near Perth, an intense battle is fought. The British troops gain the advantage, but fail to press it, instead allowing the Jacobites to withdrawn towards the safety of the city - believing them already defeated. However with the news of renewed rising further south and the presence of the Pretender on Scottish soil, the Jacobites find their ranks restored in part.

*The Royal Navy deploys 2 fleets to the east coast of Scotland to watch for further reinforcements or attempts at escape - however they find little and less to apprehend.

The Americas

*Facing a heavy British Army presence, the Yamasee and their allied tribes in the Carolinas continue to evade pitched battles. Taking advantage of the increase in frontier security, the South Carolina Lords Proprietor strike various peace treaties with the Creek and Muskogean tribes. Although some tribes have yet to agree to peace, and raiding remains a minor issue, the heads of the colony sternly tell the British troops that they can leave now - apparently eager to reduce and remove the Crown presence from their colony. Suggestions that they should remain to secure the territory further, or perhaps transform it into a Crown colony are floated in London, much to the dismay of the Carolinians.

*British explorers begin to chart parts of the Hudson’s Bay area, working closely with the Hudson’s Bay Company to make contact with natives and establish relations for fur trading.

*With growing militarisation of North America, 3 units of the French Royal Army are deployed to New France - and placed under the direct command of the Governor-General and the Sovereign Council. They are deployed on Ile-Royale and in the Saint Lawrence Valley, watching carefully the growth of the British colonies.

*New France’s claimed territory is also drastically expanded, based closely upon the works of French explorers in the American interior. Overlapping in large parts with British claims, tensions continue to mount - particularly between fur traders plying the western territories.

*A new legislative code is implemented in New France, making explicit the previously assumed equality between natives of North America and French settlers - providing widespread protections associated with French citizenship. Exceptions are, of course, made to ensure allied native groupings outside of French control are exempt from factors such as taxation.

*Free transport, winter clothing and items, and parcels of free land are offered to anyone desirous of settling in New France under new plans to boost migration and alleviate the strain on overcrowded cities. Although the project proves taxing on the French treasury, slowly but surely settlers begin making their way to North America - though it will be some time before its population can rival that of New England.

*Under the control of the Mississippi Company, a new settlement named Nouvelle-Orleans is founded in the bayous of Louisiana - thus far consisting of a small fort and a burgeoning base of operations for the company.

*Making another attempt, British explorers set out for the Guianas. With maps in hand, this time they identify regions that are officially unclaimed, and plant the Union Flag proudly. Nevertheless, their Spanish and Dutch neighbours glance over suspiciously at the claimed area - small though it may be.

Asia

*Whispers emerge of three-party talks between France, the Ottomans, and the Safavids to resolve their growing conflict. Weakened seriously by the growing Hotak Dynasty, the Safavids are eager for any reprieve from their tensions with the Ottomans.

*Delhi is alive with the news that Emperor Farrukhsiyar intends to hold a grand feast to celebrate the newly-agreed treaty with the British. The Sayyid brothers, the most powerful and influential men in the Empire, are named guests of honour for their service, with new titles and honours to be granted at the feast.

*However suspicion mounts amongst the Sayyid brothers at the motives of the Emperor, when it is announced that 10 units - mostly imperial troops and those draw from his relatives, though notably few from distant governors - will be in attendance as a grand military parade. Fearful that this concentration of troops bodes ill for them, the brothers (being generals) muster troops loyal to them, attending on the Emperor with their own forces to “contribute” to the parade.

*What follows is a tense stand-off, the two forces considering each other at a distance - the tensions between the Hindustani and Mughal factions of the Empire growing wider with every passing day. As preparations for the celebratory feast wind on slower and slower, before halting entirely and being indefinitely postponed, the start of summer still finds the two sides at an impasse.

*Further confusion is added to the situation when word arrives that the Ottoman Caliph has voiced his support for the Emperor, reaffirming their traditional friendship.

*Elsewhere inside the Empire, with the two most powerful factions preoccupied with each other, Hindus gather in greater numbers to agitate against Mughal rule.

*Within Delhi itself, a small area of the city is set aside for use by the British in their efforts to help the Empire modernise. No British advisors have yet arrived, but with the stalemate currently presiding, it is deemed fortunate.

*Anti-British sentiment rears its head in Bengal over concerns of economic encroachment and the weakness of the Mughals to prevent such intrusions. It is whispered in some villages that the Emperor was forced to accept a treaty from the British, while others believe the Mughals to have sold India to the British for their own interests.

*Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan, the Viceroy of the Deccan and Nizam-ul-Mulk, announces that the Anglo-Mughali Treaty will not apply in all its provisions within the Deccan - prompting concerns back in Delhi. Rumours emerge that one of the number of European nations with trading posts in the Subcontinent has swayed the Viceroy’s opinion. Similarly Murshid Quli Khan, Deputy Subahdar of Bengal, declares that while there is no Subahdar in residence the treaty cannot be applied - though some raise the possibility that this is merely an attempt at stalling, or a play for personal power.

*With this uncertainty, British traders temporarily suspend plans to build a new trade post at some undetermined site on the Bay of Bengal, instead sheltering in existing territories while the issue is settled. Investments are made in existing territories to increase shipping capacity, yielding strong results.

*Banda Singh Bahadur, leader of the defeated Sikh Rebellion, and his fellow captured Sikh prisoners, are offered the chance to apologise and swear loyalty to the Empire, and in return for recognition of the wrongs done to them and an end to discriminatory practices. They refuse, with some demanding the restoration of the Sikh Raj.

*The Mughal Emperor announces his commitment to religious tolerance and freedom, and denounces discriminatory practices. It goes down well with many hopeful Hindus, while Sikhs are doubtful and Muslims largely ignore the proclamation and continue as normal.

*The Marathas expand their navy, laying down plans for two fleets to be completed by year’s end. They also receive European arms and materiel from unmarked ships - however rumours emerge that French marks have been found on weapons and crates.

*Suspicions grow when the French appear publicly, bearing gifts and offering support and an alliance in exchange for trading agreements light of the Anglo-Mughali Treaty.

*Similarly, French arms find their way to Mysore, where discussions are held in the small kingdom regarding a formal military alliance, and efforts in drill and modernisation of their army. Similar offers are made to Keladi, with an effort at peacemaking in the face of the larger Mughal threat. The two nations agree for the time being, though it is heavily suspected that both merely wish to gain what advantage they can from French involvement and prevent their rival from growing too powerful.

*The French East India Company’s charter is expanded, giving it greater autonomy to act in the Indian Ocean and to raise troops to defend its own interests. The company’s governors proceed to raise new troops from Indian recruits in friendly cities and territories.

*A vast Spanish armada of 3 fleets sails from Spain, making landfall in the Spanish East Indies. There they disembark 4 units, who proceed to the southern island of Mindanao and launch a campaign against the Sultanate of Maguindanao. They have great successes along the low-lying areas, whilst the highlands prove more of a challenge. With new forts being built in captured areas it is hoped they will help maintain their hold over the newly conquered areas.

*Envoys accompanying the Spanish fleets separate upon arrival and proceed north to Japan, attempting to gain entry to the country for Christians and bearing gifts for the Emperor. Once again, the ships are repelled - though the warning cannon fire is reportedly less persistent and dangerous at this second attempt at incursion.

*Polish explorers name the newly-discovered islands the Falkowski Islands and found a small colony there, called Port Sobieski after John III Sobieski. The colony struggles to establish itself, but manages to survive the first half of the year.

*Based from the newly-built Port Sobieski, more Polish exploratory missions sail the coasts of eastern Bay of Bengal, noting in particular the coastlines of the Toungoo Empire.

Africa

*Making numerous gifts to the King of Warri, the Prussians gain the right to establish a small trading post in the city of Warri.

*Accompanied by guides and translators provided by the King, new Prussian explorers delve further into the African interior. They sail upriver to Onitsha, bringing gifts to appease rulers along the way and ensuring success for their journey.

*Utilising explorations of the Nile as a starting point, the Ottoman Empire establishes new trading posts within the Sudan, providing greater latitude to trade and influence such areas.

*French explorers from Port-Apollon make their way towards the Dutch Cape, hoping to recover their lost compatriots. However the VOIC is less than forthcoming, announcing that they cannot be simply handed over, and instead will be transported to the Netherlands, out of concerns regarding espionage.

*In Madagascar, the the young king in Ambohimanga gratefully receives a small supply of European arms and training, aiding him in his fight against his fellow kings. Further, a contingent of European mercenaries (primarily Frenchmen) also arrive to lend a hand. They are cautiously accepted by the King, who uses them carefully to threaten his neighbours.
SpoilerShow
Kingdom of Great Britain
King: George I (scorpion)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 4/8 [-20, 2 in South Carolina, 2 in Scotland, -40 maintenance]
Reserves: 18
Fleets: 6/12 [-30, 4 in Husum, 2 off the coast of Scotland, -60 maintenance] — 8 under construction [3 L1716, 2 E1717, 3 L1717]
Economy: +150
Debt: 700
Income: +190 [+5 Kingdom of Ireland, +20 Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, +20 North American Furs, +10 North American Agriculture, +15 Caribbean Sugar, +20 Indian Trade Posts, +50 Trade, -10 Gold Coast Forts, -35 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Yamasee War, Nonconformist Unrest in New York, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest, Jacobite Rebellion
=
Yamasee and allies
Units: 1
=
Jacobite Rebels
Units: 5 (3 in Scotland, 1 in Bristol, 1 in Oxford)
===
Kingdom of Ireland (Personal Union)
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 2/2 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Catholic Unrest, Protestant Ascendancy, Anti-Hanoverian Unrest
===
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Personal Union)
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Great Northern War, Unhappy Nobles
==
British East India Company
Autonomy: High
Profitability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 2
==
Hudson’s Bay Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 0

Kingdom of France
King: Louis XV
Regent: Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Serenissima)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 20/24 [-20, 1 in southern Africa, 3 in New France, -120 maintenance]
Reserves: 60
Fleets: 12/12 [-60 maintenance]
Defences: Haudenosaunee Trading Forts
Economy: +290
Debt: 800
Income: +150 [+20 French Shore Fishing, +20 North American Furs, +20 Caribbean Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +35 Trade, -5 Ivory Coast Forts, -40 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Fox War
=
Fox Peoples
Units: 1
==
French East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat Low
Profitability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 2
=
Mississippi Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 1
Units: 1
Fleets: 1

Kingdom of Spain
King: Philip V (Master of Oblivion)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 6/10 [-20, 4 in the Spanish East Indies, -50 maintenance]
Reserves: 14
Fleets: 4/7 [-15, 3 in the Spanish East Indies, -35 maintenance] — 3 under construction (1 L1716, 1 E1717, 1 L1717)
Defences: Mindanao Forts (Complete L1716)
Economy: +80
Debt: 350
Income: +115 [+20 New Spain Mining, +15 New Grenada Mining, +30 Peruvian Mining, +20 New Spain Dyes, +10 Philippine Trade, +15 Caribbean Sugar, +60 Trade, -20 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Kingdom of Portugal
King: John V
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 6/6 [-30 maintenance]
Reserves: 16
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +75
Debt: 200
Income: +100 [+15 Brazilian Mining, +10 Brazilian Sugar, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +40 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Indigenous American Unrest

Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Grand Pensioner: Anthonie Heinsius (Luftwafer)
Government: Confederative Republic (Very Low State Authority, High Nobility, Moderate Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 4/4 [-20 maintenance]
Reserves: 10
Fleets: 8/8 [-40 maintenance]
Economy: +100
Debt: 1000
Income: +100 [+5 Amsterdam Stock Market, +10 Cape Route, +10 Indian Trade Posts, +25 East Indian Spices, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +55 Trade, -50 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions
==
Dutch East India Company
Autonomy: Very High
Profitability: 4
Units: 5
Fleets: 6
==
Dutch West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 2

Habsburg Monarchy
Emperor: Charles VI (Luc)
Government: Composite Feudal Monarchy (High Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 25/25 [-90, 18 in Bohemia/Silesia, -125 maintenance]
Reserves: 23
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance] — 7 under construction (2 L1716, 2 E1717, 2 L1717, 1 E1718)
Defences: Trieste Harbour Defences (L1716)
Economy: +120
Debt: 600
Income: +80 [+5 Adriatic Trade, +10 Neapolitan Taxation, +5 Sardinian Taxation, +10 Netherlands Taxation, +5 Danube Tariffs, +35 Trade, +10 HRE Taxation, -30 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Austrian Tensions, Impending war with Prussia

Kingdom of Prussia
King: Frederick William I (Smyg)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 6/9 [-15, 3 in Jutland, -45 maintenance]
Reserves: 8
Fleets: 0
Defences: Berlin Fortress
Economy: +150
Debt: 400
Income: +85 [+20 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -20 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Personal Union with Saxony)
King/Grand Duke: Augustus II (Maddox)
Government: Elective Monarchy (Somewhat Low Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 9/14 [-0, 5 aligned with Tarnogród Confederation, -70 maintenance]
Reserves: 15
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance] — 1 under construction (L1716)
Economy: +135
Debt: 200
Income: +100 [+35 Trade, -5 Indian Forts, -5 Falkowski Colony, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Rebellious Confederation
=
Tarnogród Confederation
Units: 5
==
Polish East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 1
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
===
Electorate of Saxony (Personal Union with Poland-Lithuania)
Prince-Elector: Augustus II
Government: Principality (Moderate Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 5/5 [-25 maintenance]
Reserves: 5
Fleets: 0
Economy: +95
Debt: 100
Income: +80 [+15 Trade, -5 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War

Kingdom of Sweden
King: Charles XII (Gesar)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 7/18 [-55, 4 in Swedish Pomerania, 4 in Swedish Finland, 3 in Christiana, -90 maintenance]
Reserves: 8
Fleets: 1/2 [-5, in near Aland Islands, -10 maintenance] — 2 under construction (2 L1716)
Defences: Oulu Floating Batteries
Economy: +140
Debt: 200
Income: +30 [+10 Swedish Furs, +10 Baltic Trade, +40 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
==
Holstein-Gottorp (minor ally)
Units: 3 [1 in southern Denmark, 1 in Jutland]

Tsardom of Russia
Tsar: Peter I (Cephal)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 7/25 [-90, 6 in Swedish Baltic, 5 in Swedish Finland, 6 in Swedish Finnish defences, 1 near Crimea, -125 maintenance]
Reserves: 23
Fleets: 0/1 [-5, 1 in the Baltic Sea, -5 maintenance] — 3 under construction [1 L1716, 2 E1717]
Defences: Finland Artillery Forts, Ingria Artillery Forts, Baltic Artillery Forts
Economy: +180
Debt: 40
Income: -30 [+15 Russian Furs, +25 Far East Governate, +40 Trade, -10 Privateer Raiding, -5 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War, Boyar Revolt, Nogai Raids
=
Finnish Partisans
Units: 2
=
Boyars
Units: 2
===
Russian Far East Governate
Government: Military/Company Rule (Very High Crown Authority, Very High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 10/10 [-50 maintenance]
Reserves: 0
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Underdevelopment
==
Russian Far East Company
Autonomy: Moderate
Profitability: 1
Units: 0
Fleets: 0

Sublime Ottoman State
Sultan: Ahmed III (Flamelord)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Very High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Somewhat Low Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat High
Units: 7/18 [-55, 4 in Morea, 4 in Bosnia, 3 in Corfu, -90 maintenance]
Reserves: 30
Fleets: 4/8 [-20, 4 near Corfu, -40 maintenance]
Defence: Bosphorus Forts [Complete L1717]
Economy: +205
Debt: 300
Income: +105 [+10 Black Sea Trade, +15 Turkish Straits Control, +20 Imperial Tribute, +5 Minority Taxation, +5 Barbary Tribute, +55 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Ottoman-Austrian Tensions, Ottoman-Venetian War

Kingdom of Denmark (Personal Union with Norway)
King: Frederick IV (DutchGuy)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 0/8 [-40, 8 at the Danevirke, -40 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0/1 [-5, 1 near Aland Islands, -5 maintenance]
Defences: Danevirke, Jutland Artillery Forts, Norwegian Artillery Forts
Economy: +70
Debt: 535
Income: -35 [+50 Kingdom of Norway, +0 (+15 blockaded) Sound Dues, +5 Caribbean Sugar, +30 Trade, -5 Gold Coast Forts, -25 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Great Northern War
===
Kingdom of Norway (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat High Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 2/5 [-15, 2 at the Danevirke, 1 at the Norwegian Artillery Forts, -25 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 2/4 [-10, 2 near Aland Islands, -20 maintenance] — 3 under construction, (3 L1716)
Conflicts: Great Northern War
=
Russian Volunteers
Units: 2
==
Danish East India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
==
Danish West India Company
Autonomy: Somewhat High
Profitability: 3
Units: 1
Fleets: 1

Duchy of Savoy
Duke: Victor Amadeus II (TRC)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Reserves: 6
Fleets: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Economy: +60
Debt: 300
Income: +70 [+40 Kingdom of Sicily, +25 Trade, -15 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None
===
Kingdom of Sicily (Personal Union)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Reserves: 2
Fleets: 1 [-5 maintenance]
Defences: Sicilian Forts
Conflicts: None

Mughal Empire
Emperor: Farrukhsiyar (Red John)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Somewhat Low Crown Authority, High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Low
Units: 13/30 [-50, 10 in Delhi, 7 aligned with Sayyid brothers (free), -150 maintenance]
Reserves: 20
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance]
Economy: +210
Debt: 2000
Income: +20 [+15 Chitradurga Tribute, +15 Madurai Tribute, +25 Trade, -80 Decentralisation, -100 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict, Decentralisation, Strong Vassals

Maratha Empire
Chhatrapati: Shahu (Snacks)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (Moderate Crown Authority, Somewhat High Nobility, Very Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 15/15 [-75 maintenance]
Reserves: 15
Fleets: 3/3 [-15 maintenance] — 2 under construction (L1716)
Economy: +165
Debt: 200
Income: +95 [+30 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Landgraviate of Hessel-Darmstadt
Landgrave: Ernest Louis (Olligarchy)
Government: Absolute Monarchy (High Crown Authority, Moderate Nobility, Low Commons)
Popularity: Moderate
Units: 2/2 [-10 maintenance]
Reserves: 3
Fleets: 0
Economy: +55
Debt: 200
Income: +50 [+15 Trade, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Venice
Doge: Giovanni II Cornaro (Litos)
Government: Oligarchic Republic (Low State Authority, High Nobility, Moderate Commons)
Popularity: Somewhat Low
Units: 3/6 [-15, 1 defending Corfu, 2 defending Bosnia, -30 maintenance]
Reserves: 7
Fleets: 1/1 [-5 maintenance]
Economy: +70
Debt: 200
Income: +45 [+45 Trade, +15 Mediterranean Trade Network, -25 War Trade Malus, -10 Debt Interest]
Conflicts: Ottoman-Venetian War
SpoilerShow
=Europe=

Electorate of Bavaria
Government: Principality
Stability: 4
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (Swedish ally)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Republic of Genoa
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 4
Units: 4
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Government: Duchy
Stability: 5
Units: 8
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Most Serene Republic of Lucca
Government: Oligarchic Republic
Stability: 5
Units: 1
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

States of the Church (incl. Comtat Venaissin)
Government: Theocracy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Government: Duchy
Stability: 4
Units: 1
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Duchy of Parma
Government: Duchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Wallachia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Principality of Moldavia (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Crimean Khanate (Tributary of the Ottomans)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Tensions with Russia

=Asia=

Yaruba Imamate
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 5
Fleets: 3
Conflicts: None

Safavid Dynasty
Government: Theocratic Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 20
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: Ottoman-Safavid Tensions, Hotaki Dynasty Rebellion
=
Hotaki Dynasty
Units: 10

Malla Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability:
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Mysore
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Madurai Nayak Kingdom (Mughal Tributary)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Chitradurga Nayaka Kingdom (Mughal Tributary, Maratha Ally)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kandy
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Dutch-Kandian Tensions

Keladi Nayaka Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bundelkhand Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Mughal-Maratha Conflict

Khoshut Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 4
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Dzungar Khanate
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 8
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Qing Dynasty
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 120
Fleets: 25
Conflicts: Dzungar-Qing Wars

Tokugawa Shogunate
Government: Feudal Stratocracy
Stability: 5
Units: 20
Fleets: 5
Conflicts: Sakoku

Great Joseon State
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Ryukyu Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: Japan-China Dual Tributary Relations

Dai Viet
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Internal Divisions

Kingdom of Champasak
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Vientiane
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 2
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Khmer Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 2
Units: 3
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None

Ayutthaya Kingdom
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 12
Fleets: 2
Conflicts: None

Toungoo Dynasty (Burma)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Bruneian Empire
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 7
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Sultanate of Sulu
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 9
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: Tensions with Spanish Philippines

Sultanate of Maguindanao
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 5
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: War with Spanish Philippines

=Africa=

Alaouite Dynasty (Morocco)
Government: Absolute Monarchy
Stability: 4
Units: 10
Fleets: 1
Conflicts: None

Kingdom of Kongo
Government: Tribal Monarchy
Stability: 3
Units: 6
Fleets: 0
Conflicts: None[/quote]

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