His Imperial Majesty the Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Duke of Finland and King of Poland, Nicholas I, on one part, and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, Charles XIV and III John, on the other hand, long connected by ties of history, having judged it proper that peace and neutrality be concluded in the Baltic and the Fennoscandian region between the peoples of Russia and those of Sweden-Norway, have agreed upon the following articles:
So conclude we this treaty, which shall last indefinitely, on the 5th of January in the Year of Our Lord 1830, at the city of Visby on the isle of Gotland.
- Article I. The Empire of Russia shall be neutral in all matters regarding Swedish-Norwegian domestic affairs, and so Sweden-Norway shall be neutral in all matters regarding domestic Russian affairs. A principle of full non-intervention and respect for mutual sovereignty shall reign, and both states shall abide to maintain a state of peace, abstaining from starting or joining in on armed action against one another.
- Article II. The Empire of Russia shall recognize the legitimacy of Charles III John's reign in the Kingdom of Norway. Likewise, the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway shall recognize the legitimacy of Nicholas I's reign in the Grand Duchy of Finland. Both countries recognize legitimacy of the current borders of one another, defined as such.
- Article III. In order to ensure the establishment of permanent neutrality and peace between the peoples of the Baltic Sea, the island of Gotland and the Åland Isles, under Swedish-Norwegian and Russian sovereignty respectively, shall go wholly unfortified during peacetime, and no significant defensive structures may be built upon them, as to avoid the growth of tensions. While allowable, naval deployments and the stationing of troops shall be kept as few and low as possible in both during peacetime, in order to avoid the same, although naturally each monarch is free to order their ships and soldiers within their own lands as they see fit.
- Article IV. The United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway abides to maintain the full religious freedom of all Orthodox Christians, especially of Russian subjects travelling to the country, as has been maintained since the establishment of the Church of the Transfiguration of Christ in Stockholm, the most ancient active Russian congregation outside of the Empire itself, and the Tolerance Edict of 1781.
- Article V. Upon his recognition as Grand Duke of Finland by the Finnish Diet in 1809, the Emperor Alexander I declared: "Providence having placed us in possession of the Grand Duchy of Finland, we have desired by the present act to confirm and ratify the religion and the fundamental laws of the land, as well as the privileges and rights which each class in the said Grand Duchy in particular, and all the inhabitants in general, be their position high or low, have hitherto enjoyed according to the constitution. We promise to maintain all these benefits and laws firm and unshaken in their full force." Russia abides to continue, as it has in the past, to maintain the fundamental rights, to language and religion, of the Swedish-speaking population of Finland.
- Article V. Recognizing the financial stress which could be put upon the migratory pastoralist economies of the Lappish people of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia, in turn slowing down their full adherence to the Christian faith and civilised ways, the United Kingdom of Sweden and Norway and the Empire of Russia fully abide to maintain the free access of these Lappish people currently possess, provided they carry proper documentation and adhere to all national laws, over the Russo-Norwegian and Russo-Swedish borders to carry out reindeer herding.
For the creation of your Embassies/Foreign Ministries, the sealing of Treaties and general Diplomatic banter.
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