John Malecela, Permanent Representative to the United Nations
United Republic of Tanzania
Friends of the United Nations,
It may have escaped the notice of many countries, but the nation of Rwanda -Tanzania's neighbor and a prospective member of the East African Community- has spent the past decade on the verge of serious ethnic strife. Since the 1959 events now called Winds of Destruction, which prompted the independence of the country and its separation from Burundi, radical Hutus have taken it upon themselves to mislead their peace-loving brethren into repressing their fellow Africans, prompting the flight of hundreds of thousands of Tutsi into Burundi, the Congo, Uganda, and Tanzania.
This, in turn, has brought us to our present state, where the so-called inyenzi seek a return to their homeland, often finding themselves in a position where the use of violence is the means to that end. And while the United Republic of Tanzania does not endorse violence between Africans -or indeed, between fellow men and women- we find it symptomatic of the wretched state of affairs brought on by the government of Grégoire Kayibanda, and fear that without pressure from the international community, the situation will only get worse.
Therefore, I propose that the General Assembly adopts the following resolution, to be effective immediately:
Tanzania votes yes.Recognizing that the Kayibanda government of Rwanda has promoted ethnic conflict contrary to the spirit of the UN charter,
Acknowledging that the Kayibanda government consists at present of a single, pro-Hutu party which has enforced anti-Tutsi policies that threaten the stability of Eastern Africa, the United Nations General Assembly
Recommends that the government of Rwanda resolve to cease its policies of discrimation against the Tutsi and hold open, free elections under UN supervision by the end of 1968, and
Pledges to adopt non-binding moderate sanctions upon the Rwandan government should they refuse to do so.