Prime Minister Pitt announces the end of the war with France and its allies
In Europe, for the first time since the violent days of the French Revolution, the guns cease to fire as a succession of peace treaties are signed and ratified, bringing peace to (almost) all of the continent.
Firstly and most importantly, there is the Treaty of Calais, which established a state of peace between the United Kingdom and the French Republic. Besides peace, the treaty also dealt with other terms such as the establishment of diplomatic relations, the exchange of war prisoners and the re-establishment of trade between the two nations and their respective allies. Other clauses that dealt with Hannover and the colonial possessions of the respective countries were also included. After much discussion, the treaty was signed and ratified by both countries.
Then there is the Treaty of Mahon, that established peace between the United Kingdom and Spain. Discussions were long and complicated, with the British diplomats describing the Spanish representatives as ‘Brilliantly Stubborn’ in reports sent back to Parliament, yet in the end an agreement was reached. Peace was declared between the two nations, as well as the transfer of territory between the two nations, with Britain ceding back the Mosquito Coast to Spain, yet retaining control the isles of Trinidad and Tobago. Despite calling for a retreat of British troops, the fate of the city of Ceuta was never specified.
The British Government also proposes the Treaty of Lowestoft to the government of the Batavian Republic. The treaty declares a peace between the two nations, calls for the re-establishment of trade, the exchange of war prisoners and deals with several territorial changes. Among those, the Dutch are returned several of their isles in the Caribbean, while being forced to cede all of their possessions in the Isle of Ceylon. The British-occupied colony of South Africa is also dealt with, as the southern part is declared to be British territory, with the northern lands being kept under dutch claim. After some discussion, the treaty is signed and ratified by both states.
And finally, we see the establishment of a truce in southern Italy, between the Franco-Republican armies and the Pro-Sicily rebels. The troops there stationed have stopped fighting, yet the violence in the countryside remains, as anarchy reigns over most of the territory, with the Republican soldiers and their French counterparts being ambushed and openly hostilized by most of the rural population.
King Emperor Christian VII of Denmark, Norway and the Holy Roman Empire
In the Holy Roman Empire, we see the election of a new Emperor. Following the abdication of Francis as Emperor of the HRE, the Regensburg Reichstag is called upon to debate and vote for a new Emperor. The debating is fierce and takes up much longer than expected, with the two most popular candidates, Consul Napoleon of France and King Christian of Denmark, greatly dividing the opinion of the electors. In the end, King Christian of Denmark is elected the new Emperor after receiving 7 votes, with Bonaparte receiving 4.
The newly elected Emperor leaves Copenhagen and travels south to Frankfurt, where he accepts the Imperial throne and is officially crowned in a lavish ceremony. May his reign be more peaceful and more prosperous than that of the emperors that preceded him...
With the establishment of the peace, and with several of the internal actions carried out by the French Consul, the popularity of Napoleon increases evermore within the Republic, as a large propaganda campaign takes the final steps in solidifying Napoleon’s almost total popularity in France.
With the intent of improving evermore the quality of command of his forces, Napoleon establishes the Council of Marshals of the Republic, promoting several of the best French commanders (including himself) to the post of Marshals of the Republic, restructuring the French High Command.
The First Consul also signs a new decree, increasing the size of the French Home Guard by 4 units.
A French unit is dispatched from France to the South American colony of Guiana.
Shortly after the declaration of a truce in Southern Italy, Napoleon leaves Paris for Milan, the capital of the Italian Republic. There, he is greeted in a lavish ceremony carried out by the Italian National Assembly, where he announces that the reason for his move to Milan was due to the wish to follow more closely the peace talks in Southern Italy. The presence of Bonaparte in the North increases the morale of the citizenry, and several promises of larger attention to development in Italy made by Bonaparte also do their part in solidifying Napoleon’s image in Milan. He is accompanied by his famous Consular Guard at all times.
While in Milan, Bonaparte announces that a large grant of French money is to be sent to the Italian government, where it is to be used to spearhead a wide range of improvements to the nation’s military and government. The action is successful and shortly thereafter the Italian Republican army sees a large improvement of its arsenal, with new uniforms, weapons, ammunition and artillery pieces being added as assets to their forces. The action also improves the Italian government, as its bureaucratic assets are bettered by this new influx of funds.
Following a notable delay of a few weeks, the 3 French units stationed in Hannover officially hand back control of the territory back to British officials. The 3 units are then marched south towards Italy, where they set up numerous military encampments with the final objective of drilling the Italian Army.
The four Italian units, that previously laid siege to Naples, leave the surroundings of the city and march south, towards the remaining Sardinian troops still left alive after the debacle of 1800. There, the Italian commanders, under direct orders from the Consul, present to the Sardinian officers an opportunity to surrender, with their rights as prisoners of war being guaranteed by Napoleon and a promise to be returned to their homes once the conflict is over. Despite some resentment from the more patriotic elements of the Sardinian force, the troops, hungry and without morale, almost in their entirety surrender and hand over their weapons to the Italians. The rest of the Italian army is also mobilised and sent south to keep the order, with the exception of two units who remain demobilised.
The Republican government in Italy also orders for the construction of 3 new fleets for the Republican navy.
Prime Minister Pitt, also known as 'The Younger', 'The Peacemaker', 'The Emancipator' etc. etc.
For the first time the United Kingdom holds a special election to decide upon its newly united parliament, this time with MP’s from both sides of the Celtic Sea, including, for the first time in the political history of the United Kingdom, Catholic delegates. Following his masterful internal policy, uniting Ireland with Britain and emancipating his majesty’s Catholic subjects, and his overall brilliant conduction of the now-ended war with France and her allies, Pitt leads the Tory party to an overwhelming victory over the already weakened Whigs, establishing an effective dominance of the Tory party in the UK with an extremely large majority.
The popularity of the Prime Minister himself soars, with the act of emancipation and the conclusion of peace with England’s continental enemies making him a much liked figure among the populace.
Shortly after the election, the British government conducts a general census of the Home Isles, which numbers the population of Great Britain and Ireland at about 10 million.
Given the re-establishment of the alliance between Britain and Portugal, the Foreign Office sends a good amount of funds to the new Portuguese Government as aid money to handle with the famine that has plagued Portugal since the start of the Civil War.
With the establishment of peace between Britain and its continental enemies and the lifting of the Royal Navy blockades, the Admiralty orders a reorganization of the British fleets. Here are the most notable changes:
The 3 fleets in Gibraltar are sent to the Mediterranean, where they are put under the command of Lord Nelson.
During several occasions in which French and Italian boats come close to the British ships, the sailors are ordered to sing ‘Rule Britannia’ from the top of their lungs, which severely annoys the French sailors.
All fleets previously operating in the Bay of Biscay are sent back to port in England.
One British fleet in the Caribbean is sent back to port in Kingston.
3 fleets previously operating in the Atlantic are sent back home to England. The others remain to patrol around the Home Isles.
2 fleets that previously operated in the Indian Ocean return to British controlled harbours in India.
Pitt authorizes the Admiralty to expand its reserve forces, building 3 new fleets. Interestingly, the ships are built using the extra strong Live Oak wood, bought from the Americans after the trade treaty signed in 1800. The wood is mostly used for the construction of a new class of heavy war frigates, the so called Athene class.
Following the return of Hannover to the British, two units, mostly composed of the King’s German Legion and other German-speaking soldiers, are sent to re-establish order and British control. Upon their arrival, they are hailed as heroes by the populace.
It is also worth to note that many prisoners of war are exchanged between the previously warring countries, with many soldiers now returning to their homes and families.
Following the example of their colleagues in the Admiralty, the war office also orders a large demobilisation of British forces across the Empire. Here are the noteworthy changes:
Half of the Irish divisions are demobilised and sent back to their barracks.
The troops stationed in Cape Town stand down and return to garrison their forts.
In accordance to the treaty with Spain, the army regiments there stationed leave Ceuta and return to the Home Isles, where they are sent back home.
One unit previously stationed in Gibraltar is sent to Minorca and another one to Malta.
Two other units previously stationed in Gibraltar are sent back to England, where they are demobilised.
In the end of march, a conspiracy is unmasked in London. A group of German mercenaries were caught attempting to sabotage an army armoury found close to the Tower of London. The man frantically claimed to be working for the French, but after further investigation by military officials, they are revealed to be under the employ of the Saxon Crown. In the following days, other planned attacks are also unmasked, found under almost exact conditions, all over the country.
Vittorio Emanuele, Prime Minister & Doge of Sardinia (1759-1801)
With the isle left in disarray, many of the governments in exile that now found themselves in Sardinia started to become desperate, and actively looked for a way to escape the isle that could very well end up being their grave. Perhaps miraculously, their prayers are answered. The governments, all together, inform the King of Sardinia of their wish to hold a large council in Sardinia to determine how to act next in regards to their continental policy. Without asking the permission of his son, the Prime Minister, the King consents, and all of the delegations travel north to the port city of Olbia.
What was to happen was no council, rather, it was an evacuation.
The conspiracy unveils, at it is soon discovered that the delegations did not wish to hold any council, but were actually joining together to attempt an escape attempt from the isle. While holed up in the city, over the course of one night, a large quantity of unmarked ships approach the lightly defended port and swiftly evacuate all of the delegations, plus many Sardinian nobles who were unhappy with the tyrannical Premiership of Vittorio Emanuele. The Prime Minister is furious and quickly dispatches some of his men to stop the escape, but they are too late. By the time they arrive in Olbia, they only see distant masts in the horizon, sailing towards the sunrise.
4 French fleets are dispatched from French ports and sent to Sardinia, where they surrounded the isle and blockaded it, preventing anyone from coming in or leaving the island. The Navy then carries out a large bombardment operation, damaging both the port facilities of the aisle and many boats of the Sardinian Navy. Many Sardinian civilians were also killed in the bombardments. Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, the French Admiral in command of the fleet, had also been ordered by Napoleon to attempt to capture the Sardinian fleet, yet the action was deemed too risky for the time being, thus not being carried out.
Vittorio Emanuelle, in a desperate attempt to maintain any sort of control, leads a unit of his personal guards and embarks to Italy, where he intends to take personal control of the armies he is not aware have already surrendered to the Republicans. He leaves with his supporters in a small brig, being considered a madman by most, and sets sail from harbour. While he attempted to sneak by the French blockade, his ship is spotted by a French frigate, that after calling for the Sardinian boat’s surrender, hits the small brig with a cannonball. While the cannonball itself kills none of the passengers, only wounding a few, the brig immediately starts to sink. There are no survivors. All of them drown in the Mediterranean waters.
With the election of Christian as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, the popularity of King Frederick William of Prussia falls greatly. The fall was not necessarily related to the person of Christian himself, rather due to the fact that, during the discussions, Frederick spent good amounts of time denigrating the person of Napoleon Bonaparte, only to in the end give up on his own candidacy to vote for the French Consul. Needlessly to say, the Prussian Nobility is not happy, not happy at all…
Large Nationalist rallies and demonstrations are held by Polish insurrectionists in Polish towns under Prussian control, calling for a larger Polish uprising against the Prussians and re-establishment of a separate, independent state. The demonstrations, that were beforehand just protests, turn violent, as the protesters many times attack Prussian Police and Military personnel. Some Prussian soldiers are even killed in the riots, in small and sporadic amounts.
Not long after, Prussian border officials uncovered large amounts of weapons and military equipment being smuggled into Prusso-Polish provinces. While the evidence is not concrete, investigation carried out by Prussian officials point to a possible Bavarian involvement in the whole scheme.
Vienna, now once more the beating heart of the Habsburg Monarchy
In Austria, Archduke Charles uses his influence to begin to reform the Austrian Military. Using the disastrous military defeats of early 1800 as an excuse, the Archduke is quick to work with his fellow marshals in the establishment of a powerful general staff, as well as issuing new military regulations regarding the education given to soldiers and officers. He also starts to institute the levee en masse
system of mobilisation, to be used in times of war.
The Regent also authorizes the army corps of engineers to begin the construction of several fortifications in Galicia, with the main objective of guarding the mountain passes found in the Carpathian Mountains from possible invading forces.
The Austrian Financial officials also successfully pay off a good amount of Austria’s national debt.
The Austrian Police uncover a large ring of spies and informants operating in Vienna. Upon closer investigation they are discovered to be Bavarian agents, working on the orders of King Maximilian of Bavaria himself.
The Russian army continues its perilous campaign in the south, this time laying camp around the city of Krasnodar, possibly awaiting for more favorable climatic conditions to carry on the fight against the Circassians. The Tsar also orders for 3 units to be marched to Circassia to reinforce the army already campaigning there. Two units, one from the army in Krasnodar and one from the reinforcing force, are killed due to the hostile climate and constant harassments by the Circassian. The reinforcement army has already arrived in Circassia, but is still to arrive in Krasnodar.
General Suvorov orders the Russian cavalry, mainly composed of Cossacks, to hunt and raid Circassian encampments. The General urges them to not attack civilian encampments and only focus in the military ones, a call that is mostly ignored by the Cossacks who, on many occasions, mercilessly cut down hundreds of Circassian civilians, burning their villages to the ground and leaving the survivors to freeze and starve in the winter.
Following the conclusion of territorial treaties with the British and the Spanish, the Tsar increases the state investment into the whaling industry, which boosts Russian trade income.
In Spain, the Cortes General meet for the first time following the results of the first general election. No parties were formed by the members of the lower house, yet the ideological divisions are well seen. While the generally conservative politicians hold a majority, a significant amount of Liberals were also elected to office, with small amounts of Reactionaries and Independent delegates also attaining office in the new parliament.
The Spanish King orders for the construction of a large summer palace in the Galician seaside, where the Royal Family plans to spend most of their time.
A large amount of unrest starts to grow in the Veneto region of Italy, especially in the heart of the province: the ancient city of Venice. Several violent riots break out, denouncing the Italian Republic as an illegitimate government, subdued by the Corsican tyrant, causing the death of some important Republican officials and army officers. Republican officials believe that the action is being perpetrated by the Spanish, due to the reported presence of mercenaries from the same region as the ones that were captured in the south. They believe that the action is another Spanish attempt to destabilize the fragile Republic.
Following the loss of a large amount of their overseas territory in the Treaty of Lowestoft, the Batavian government seeks to expand its colonial influence by seeking new ventures.
Firstly, an expedition is sent to the South African territory still under the domination of the Dutch in order to establish a new port from which the Dutch can oversee their operations. The picked location for the settlement would be in the province of Natal. The ships are already en route.
Secondly, the Dutch move to expand their ventures in Southeast Asia, by building a new settlement in the Malay isle of Singapore. This fleet is also en route.
In the Helvetic Republic, the Landammann orders for a large economic reform to take place, even assigning a large budget to the whole operation. Despite the money, the instructions are extremely vague, and for some reason unknown to the civil servants, the landammann refuses to give more insight into the matter. Due to that, nothing gets done, and the money is returned to the treasury.
In Bavaria, the King rejects the petition put forth by the nobility and the clergy, and remains a steadfast ally to his Prime Minister. That actions increases the popularity of the King with the people, who now refer to Maximilian as ‘the Citizen King’, but greatly decreased his popularity with the Nobles, who are starting to get stirred…
For the first time violence is seen between the populace and the nobility/clergy. Reports of nobles’ property being attacked and priests being hostilized come to the attention of the King, who seems to care little. In response, the Nobles pen a request to the newly elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, calling for help in dealing with the matter, and denouncing the uncooperative ways of their ruler.
The King also announces that he will carry out actions to centralize the Empire and increase the authority of the state. A budget is assigned by the finance ministry, but exactly how will the state be centralized is never said nor specified, thus nothing gets done.
The Bavarian government begins to invest in improving the river-based commerce in Bavaria, an action that succeeds and improves the finances of the Kingdom.
The King calls for an increase in the Bavarian army, and recruits 2 new units into the national reserves.
The King of Wurtemburg spends his time discussing matters of state with his ministers, and carries no major action. He does, however, authorizes for the pay of a small portion of Wurttemburg debt.
With the intensification of tensions between the Danish and the Swedish, the Danish King gears for war, ordering a massive increase in Norway’s defensive fortifications, the recruitment of 5 units to Norway and large naval maneuvers to fight off the growing Swedish fleet. However, nothing of this ends up being necessary… for trouble brews in Stockholm.
Carl Johan Adlercreutz, leader of the Provisional Swedish Government
For long the Swedish military and nobility developed a strained relationship with their monarch, who seemed to be slightly out of his mind. Initially, most approved of his large scale militarization, labelling it as a necessary move to protect Sweden from possible Russian meddling. This changed however when the situation started to grow way out of hand, with massive recruitment that the treasury could barely keep up with. It all culminated when it became obvious to the army what the objectives of King Gustav were, that of attacking Norway.
The army would not stand for this madness, led by Carl Johan Adlercreutz, a renowned Finnish-born commander in the Swedish Army, the army leads a largely unopposed coup d’etat
, which deposes the King and imprisons the whole of the Swedish Royal Family. Adlercreutz is quick to declare a military provisional government in Stockholm, where he also announces to the populace that the King is due to abdicate and a new constitution is to be written.
In Rome the Pope repairs the long abandoned Aurelian Walls that surround the city. He also invests more money into the security of the city in general.
The Pope outlaws all forms of execution other than by guillotine, considering it a more humane way of execution. Bless his noble soul.
The Pope also issues a papal decree, excommunicating all Godwinists, Freemasons and denouncing the wrongdoings of the Sardinian royal family, especially of the now passed Vittorio Emanuele.
The Pope also dispatches papal emissaries all over Italy, enforcing the excommunications above mentioned and preaching peace among the Italians. Due to the political changes, they mostly succeed, and the countryside is a little more peaceful now that it previously was.
Another expedition is dispatched to the Kongo, this time carrying missionaries, craftsmen, blacksmiths and physicians to aid in the development of the Congolese Kingdom.
In post civil-war Portugal, the Portuguese government with the help of British funds and engineers begin the construction of a large system of fortifications in the hills north of the capital city of Lisbon, called the Torres Vedras Line, with the objective of better protecting the capital city from any future attack.
Luis Coutinho, Royal Regent and Prime Minister of Portugal, now rules with practically undisputed authority over the country. With the help of his allies, he starts to build a new atmosphere of national unity, wanting to bring the wounded nation together again. The action is partially successful, for while it was able to convince many citizens of the legitimacy of the government, the bloody civil war and the Brazilian Revolution are still fresh events in the mind of the people.
Coutinho also authorizes for an expansion of the Portuguese Army, as a way to make due with the soldiers killed in the civil war. 2 new units are recruited.
The Portuguese Finance Ministry also pays up a good amount of the nation’s debt.
Interestingly, Carlotta Joaquina, the wife of the now imprisoned Prince John, is quietly brought to a British frigate in Lisbon and transported to Britain. What is the British objective and what is to be her fate is yet unknown.
In Sicily, the young King invests large amounts of his money into reforming the agricultural system of the isle. Large amounts of land are bought by the government, and then handed to smaller landowners, who are now able to operate mostly free of the aristocratic ties that previously chained them down. The reform, while only in its beginning, already bring good profits for the Sicilian treasury.
Middle East and Africa
Mustafa IV, the new Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
In an unexpected move, the French army previously stationed in Egypt suddenly packs and leaves, embarking in a fleet of transport ships and being taken to Italy, where they are stationed in Rome. Before leaving, the French government sends a large amount of funds to the Ottoman Government, as a token of goodwill.
In the Ottoman Empire, the Sultan takes a drastic action to quell the unrest that brewed in his Empire. In one day, the Sultan orders for the mobilisation of a total of 6 units, and marches them towards the capital. There, he orders a purge, instructing his officers to kill many of the so-called conspirators. Problem is, most of the officers who were called in to lead the actual purge were considered, by the Sultan at least, as the so called enemy.
Instead of carrying out the will of the Sultan, the army, led by the officers, actually turn on the Sultan, and after a whole night of confused fighting in the streets of the city, the Janissaries lead the soldiers to the palace. While the plan was to only depose and not harm Selim, the Janissaries could not save him from the rage of the soldiers, who brutally kill the Sultan. Throughout the whole ordeal, one unit of the Ottoman army is killed.
Shortly thereafter, the Janissaries, under the leadership of the rebellious Kabakçı Mustafa, effectively seize control of the capital. Across the empire, other divisions of the army, loyal to Kabakçı and his ideals do the same, and many pro-Selim figures in the military and in the imperial administration are killed over the course of the next weeks.
Kabakçı then invites Mustafa, the cousin of the deposed and killed Selim, to take over the Ottoman crown, which he dutifully accepts, being crowned as emperor Mustafa IV shortly thereafter. Kabakçı remains an important member of the new government, being the de facto
commander in chief of the military and being awarded with the title of ‘Minister of the Bosphorus’.
While the empire has remained territorially intact following the putsch, the individual provinces of the empire have been rocked with instability, with unrest growing in Greece, Albania, Egypt and in the regions close to the Iranian border. If the new government is not strong to keep the Empire together, said regions might fall into complete chaos, or might even try to break away from Ottoman rule.
Once again, the Dutch invest more money into their colonies in the Gold Coast, bringing in a larger amount of revenue for the national coffers.
Following a secret treaty with the Ashanti tribes, the Danish unit stationed in the Gold Coast takes the perilous march north, where it lays camp in the middle of Ashanti territory. Rumour has it that the Ashanti king has accepted to become a Danish protectorate in return for protection.
A trading post is set up by the Danish in Ashanti territory, which brings in more income to the Danish crown.
The Iranian Shah calls for a general reform of the Iranian Armed Forces. At land, he recruits 2 more units into his Army, while at sea he institutes several new reforms, with the intention of improving the skill and reorganizing the Navy. He is assisted by several European naval officers who are a great catalyst in the improvement of his Navy.
The Iranian government declares the Qatari Peninsula to be de jure
Iranian territory, they also fund the construction of new trade posts in the area in order to solidify their control.
In an unexpected move, the Shah raises his red banners of war and calls 8 units from the Persian army to war. Their objective? Afghanistan. The Shah’s objective was to install Mahmud Shah, the brother of the Durrani Ruler, as the leader of a Persian-sphered Afghanistan, and he was ready to do so with force. The Shah lead his 8 units into Afghan territory and crushes the Afghan army at the Battle of Farah, where the Afghans lose 3 units and the Persians 2. After the battle, the Persian army under the Shah start the perilous march across the mountains towards Kabul. While it might still take some months, the campaign so far is going well.
US Capitol, Washington D.C - Circa 1800
Spanish officials sign the so called ‘Russo-Spanish North American’ Agreement, in which the Russians swear to cease their expansionist activities south of British Columbia in exchange of a large quantity of money. The quantity paid, however, is not the complete amount that was previously stated upon, with the Spanish treasury claiming economic hardship as the reason for not paying the full amount. True or not, due to the not full completion of the payment, the Russian government refuses to renounce the claims to its territories south of British Columbia.
The Spanish Monarch once again moves to reform the colonial administration of his colonial empire, this time calling for the institution of large assemblies in the Spanish controlled Viceroyalties in America. The assemblies would consist of only wealthy Criollio men, who are tasked with aiding and counselling the viceroy in the day-to-day administration of his dominion. The assemblies would also be tasked with supplying the King with candidates for the position of Viceroy. With the institution of these assemblies, the King also authorizes for the lower Cortes of the Kingdom to be slightly expanded, so that a few delegates from the Viceroyalties can be sent to represent the Governorates, with several voting and political restrictions still imposed. Needless to say, these delegates must be white and Catholic. The action does a good amount to improve the popularity of the King in his colonies.
The King also orders for settlers in Louisiana to build settlements further inland up the Mississippi river, in a clear deterrent to american intervention in the region.
Around the same time President John Adams is sworn into office for his second turn, the United States once again goes to the voting booth, this time to elect its 7th congress. The results were very disputed, with extremely close results in most of the states. After many months of elections, the results were made public. Despite Thomas Jefferson’s defeat in the presidential election, the democratic Republican Party had won, by a slim majority, the leadership of the House of Representatives, yet the Federalist Party still held a healthy majority in the Senate.
The Federalist party, acting under the guidance of President Adams, attempts to increase the size of the Army of the United States, with a plan to increase it by 5 units. The plan is shot down by the Republican majority in the House, forcing the Federalists to make concessions. After much struggle, a law is passed by both Houses of Congress, authorizing the Secretary of War to recruit 2 extra units into the american standing force.
Several new fortifications are built alongside the American western borders, with the objective of better fending off indigenous attacks.
President Adams also urges for the House of Representatives to increase the budget of the 1st bank of the United States. The calls are generally ignored by both parties, who consider the plan too vague to carry out.
For the first time since its eruption, the Portuguese metropole reacts to the Revolution in Brazil, with a military expedition being organised to defeat the rebels and subdue the revolting colony. Composed of 3 units, the expedition would be led by famed Portuguese general General Bernadino Freire. After the preparations were complete, the armada left Lisbon and started to trek the perilous Atlantic water en route to South America. After over 2 months of travel, the fleet made landfall in the northern port of São Luis, that had remained under royalist control since the eruption of the civil war.
While the fleet made its crossing, the Civil War continued. After many months of violent siege, the city of Salvador, one of the most important in the colony, falls to the rebel army. In the south, the Rebels occupy the majority of the gold and diamond rich province of Minas Gerais, and then continue to march south towards Rio de Janeiro, the capital of the colony. On the way, they defeat the Royalist forces under the viceroy in the Battle of Pouso Alto, yet suffer a good amount of casualties themselves.
In Haiti, Governor-General leclerc hires several physicians from Europe and other more developed areas of the Americas to come to Saint-Domingue to aid the population. Upon arrival, they are distributed across the colony and sent to several areas of the isle, where they aid the local population and help to establish more modern and safe medical practices as the norm.
In a more somber note, the Governor General also orders for the construction of 10 guillotines, that are spread across the isle of Saint-Domingue, as a way to dissuade possible rebels. They are already put to work, with several executions being carried out by the Guards who now man these dangerous machines.
Brigadier-General Arthur Wellesley, the younger brother of the Governor-General of India Richard Wellesley, is appointed as commander of the British troops in India. With his appointment, Wellesley energetically starts to prepare the newly arrived British troops for any possible conflict in Indian territory, drilling them on fighting in the climatic and geographic conditions of India.
The British government also order for Company troops to be reorganised so that five are in the Bengal Presidency, six are in Rajputana under the Bombay Presidency, two guard the Maratha border in the Madras Presidency, and one guards Bombay itself.
The Sikh Maharaja invests a large amount of government funds into expanding the port city of Karachi, greatly boosting the Sikh trade income.
Several Sikh missionaries are sent across the newly acquired Sikh territory in order to convert the populace. They face no sort of harm, but generally don't find success in converting the people.
The Maharaja begins immense reforms in the military, modernising its doctrine, and improving its administration. Many foreign officers from France and Britain are called to help train the Sikh army in modern doctrine and a new artillery corps starts to form using top-notch European equipment.
The Maharaja also begins to formalize the Sikh bureaucracy, eliminating the old Mughal practices of administration in favour of adopting new and more efficient ways to manage the land. The reforms are costly and will take time, but it is sure to yield good results.
The Maharaja also invests a good amount of funds in improving the general infrastructure of the Kingdom, bringing in good economic results.
Following unsatisfactory levels of agricultural output, the Shogun invites several administrative officials and agricultural experts to join a convention in Edo, to discuss how to improve the agricultural output of Japan and reap more financial benefits from the whole operation. Much of the discussion is still taking place, but several treatises are produced and handed to the Shogun and his officials, who are now to benefit of a much larger understanding of the nation’s complex agricultural systems.
Following the alterations to the Shogunate’s foreign policy limitations, new delegations are assembled and dispatched to Ryukyu Kingdom, Dai Viet and the Qing empire. They are viewed with animosity and mistrust in some places, but are ultimately welcomed in all.
The Shogun also authorizes for the payment of half of the Tokugawa debt.