[SENATE] Manaus Floating City Act

The Legislature of the Brazilian Republic
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Smyg
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[SENATE] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Smyg » 16:21:27 Sunday, 29 October, 2017

The PCB would like to bring a matter of both local and national importance to the attention of this honourable Chamber.

As we all know, many of the country's urban poor live in favelas, a matter which must be resolved, one way or another. But nowhere in all of Brazil are the conditions worse than in Manaus, the capital of Amazonas, and we fear that the local state administration has neither the resources --- estimated (by Luc) to be roughly 1 credit --- or the political will to make this happen. If the Congress takes the initiative on this, however, it can serve as a model and case study for how to redevelop favelas and improve situation.

Allow me to present the Cidade Flutuante do Manaus, the Floating City of Manaus. Built on the Rio Negro, which meets the main Amazon River at Manaus, it was formed in the beginning of this decade, settled by thousands of Amazonian rubber workers who lost their employment when the western imperialists stole the rubber tree and the plantations in Asia took primacy over ours.

The majority of the houses are built on floating structures or on stilts, either directly in the Rio Negro or in swamplands formed by it. Human waste and all other garbage is thrown directly into the river, and the city sewage passes the inhabitants by as well, creating a foul-smelling, badly polluted and deeply unhealthy environment, rife for the spread of cholera and other such water-borne diseases. The streets, such as they are, are formed by a shaky network of stilted plank walkways, upon which poor children play, risking their lives in doing so. Any true streets are poorly lit and unpaved, often impassable due to mud formed by rain or due to waste materials. There are no amenities, social or physical, and no social spaces or establishments outside of drinking spots on the outside of the neighbourhood in which the people can congregate.

Journalists of A Classe Operária have been out in force, and collected photographs documenting the reality of the Cidade Flutuante do Manaus. Some of you may never have been to a favela, much less a floating one, and need to experience it. Please, see the dossiers provided to you, dear colleagues.
PCB dossierShow
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We have drafted a proposal for an Act to solve this issue. As we, to borrow a heathen Hindustani term, are no housing gurus, alternate proposals and amendments are much welcomed. Thank you.

Manaus Floating City Act

Whereas the Amazon River and its tributary Rio Negro, on which Manaus sits, poses numerous health issues - such as the easy spread of certain animal- or water-borne diseases, compounded by the threat of drowning or animal attack, added to which is copious amounts of raw sewage in urban river areas - to those living close to it,

Whereas since the year 1920, a cidade flutuante (floating city) has been created in Manaus due to the rampant poverty and lack of public housing that followed the collapse of the rubber industry, which once employed most of its inhabitants,

Whereas this mode of housing is unsustainable, threatens social disorder, and risks the lives of those who inhabit it and others as well due to the disease factor,

  • Section 1. The Ministry of Transportation and Public Works will invest 1 credit into the construction of state-owned, rent-controlled apartments, built in accordance with existing regulations in regards to public health and safety, for the inhabitants of the floating city of Manaus. These housing complexes shall be built using durable methods and materials, away from the flood zones of the Amazon River and its tributaries, and be finished no later than 1 year after the passage of this bill.
  • Section 2. Adequate social resources and support shall be provided to the inhabitants of the floating city of Manaus to ensure their resettlement goes well and without issue, and that their full legal rights as citizens of the Republic of the United States of Brazil are respected.
  • Section 3. A national commission shall be appointed by the Minister of Transportation and Public Works, to carry out a case study in regards to the Manaus situation, and to study the wider situation in regards to favelas, informal settlements inhabited by the lower strata of the working class, across Brazil.
  • Section 4. This bill shall go into effect thirty-one (31) days after passage.

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by LordMoose » 16:41:33 Sunday, 29 October, 2017

This bill is all good and great... yet one problem still remains yet to be solved, where will these people get jobs and how will this
affect our budget?

Even if we do everything in this bill and everything sails as smooth as silk you still have the problem that these people are in poverty
and now live away from where they made there living. they wont have any money to pay these rents or to live to a basic human standard or
else be forced to travel even further to do the jobs they already had

We also run into the problem of costs of the state own housing units. While we currently have a good surplus going it would be foolish of us
to think that this will last forever and request info on how much these hosing units will cost the government per quarter in operating costs v rent
so that we may make informed choices on where to put our support

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Smyg » 21:34:31 Wednesday, 01 November, 2017

Most of the Manaus "floaters" do have employment, but not such that it allows finding proper and healthy housing with the current prices on the private market. For the others, who are unemployed, I am sure the state enterprises, the SPD's Action programme, or worker-led cooperatives can take them in.

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by LordMoose » 21:52:20 Wednesday, 01 November, 2017

ok I'm still going to ask how will this affect our budget and how will this affect the people. Do they want to move/move farther away from there work?
Also what prevents people who would be able to pay for housing from taking up space that is needed for the poor? where would be the cut off point where you make too much to be able to rent these apartments?

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by acecipher » 22:40:00 Wednesday, 01 November, 2017

To the Liberators, we believe we can address both points, as well as affirm a commitment to expand our existing offices in Manaus as to handle this process.

For the freedom of their movement: Does a man wish to live in his own excrement? Does he wish to live under a boulder on a precipice, death hanging over his head every day? Very few in the floating city truly choose this existence; for those who do wish to live on the river, if any do exist, perhaps the expansion of dock facilities for house-boats could be rolled into the construction plans--and likely more thriftily than entire additional structures.

As to the second, the clear and obvious answer is to tie the cutoff to the median market price of housing in the city proper--a zone which will have to be defined within the legislation to not include areas such as slums or other dens of iniquity we are seeking to extinguish.
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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Flamelord » 05:19:20 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

Having carefully considered this bill and observing the ongoing conversation, we believe that we are now prepared to offer it our support.

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Smyg » 08:13:39 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

Thank you.

Unless the Liberators have anything more to say, perhaps we can bring this to a vote?

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Luc » 12:10:31 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

Sebastião do Rego Barros, President of the Chamber of Deputies

We will accept the motion and begin an official vote on this bill.
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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Flamelord » 18:13:43 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

The Federal Union party (93) votes Yes on this bill

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Smyg » 18:38:26 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

The Communist Party of Brazil (4) naturally votes yes. Long live Manaus!

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Snacks » 20:53:53 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

The BLOC (2) votes yes and echoes the sentiment earlier expressed by the Social Democrats in debate, of our organization's willingness to direct efforts to aid the people of Manaus in adjusting to the change this will bring as well as building a more stable future.

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Westar » 22:53:26 Saturday, 04 November, 2017

National Liberal Alliance (70) will vote in favour.

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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Luc » 00:31:04 Monday, 06 November, 2017

The Democratic Party (42) votes IN FAVOUR of this bill.

The Socialist Revolutionary Party (3) votes IN FAVOUR of this bill.
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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Luc » 00:31:21 Monday, 06 November, 2017

Sebastião do Rego Barros, President of the Chamber of Deputies

Due to a clear majority, this bill passes, and is now sent to the Federal Senate for voting.
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Re: [CHAMBER] Manaus Floating City Act

Post by Luc » 00:31:48 Monday, 06 November, 2017

Fernando de Melo Viana, President of the Federal Senate

If there is no more discussion to be made on this bill, id like to formally entertain a motion to vote on this bill.
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